{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_43027", "sys_id" : "hvd_43027", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桐城縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桐城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tongcheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1277", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.05228", "longitude" : "116.93861", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽桐城县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1360", "parent id" : "hvd_33503", "name" : "安庆路", "transcribed" : "Anqing Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1361", "end year" : "1361", "parent id" : "hvd_33504", "name" : "宁江府", "transcribed" : "Ningjiang Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1362", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33505", "name" : "安庆府", "transcribed" : "Anqing Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_43024", "name" : "桐城县", "transcribed" : "Tongcheng Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桐城县(1277—1911年)

元至元十四年(1277年)桐城县迁还旧治,即今安徽桐城市治。①属安庆路。②至正二十一年(1361年)属宁江府。二十二年(1362年)复属安庆府。③明、清因之。④1912年废府留县,属安徽省。⑤


①《读史方舆纪要》卷26安庆府桐城县枞阳镇:“《城邑考》:“宋末桐阳(城)县移治枞阳镇。后又迁池之李阳河,元始还旧治。”(第2册,1222页)《清嘉庆一统志》第36册,卷110《安庆府二古迹》:“《县志》:宋末移桐城县治枞阳镇。后又移治池州之李阳河。元时始还旧治。”“旧治”当即指唐宋桐城县治,即今桐城县治也。道光七年《桐城续修县志》卷4《营建志》:“城郭,县旧有城,即隋同安县故址。……历宋元城经两徙,故城倾圯。明万历丙子,知县曲周陈于偕……建造砖城,……今仍其旧。”可知隋后之桐城县治即今治也。然《清统志》引《县志》谓宋末移治枞阳镇,后又移治池州之李阳河。两次迁治具体年代均不详。据《续资治通鉴》卷181宋恭宗德祐元年(1275年)正月“癸酉朔,元军入黄州”,“癸未,元兵攻蕲州,知州管景模以城降。”(第10册,4937页。中华书局)今作该年南移治枞阳镇。又“二月……元兵攻池州,知州王起宗遁去,……元游骑至李阳河,都统张林屡讽之降。”(4941页)是此时李阳河尚未为桐城县治。疑迁治江南李阳河,恐为战时暂时之举,为时甚短,故史阙载。该年江淮间地全入元军,次年元至元十四年(1277年)改安庆府为路,即以此年还治桐城旧址。
②《元史》卷59《地理志二》:“安庆路,……宋为安庆府。元至元十三年,立安抚司。十四年改为安庆路总管府。……县六,……桐城。”(第5册,1413页)
③《明史》卷40《地理志一》:“安庆府,元安庆路,属河南江北行省。太祖辛丑年八月曰宁江府,壬寅年四月曰安庆府。……桐城。”(第4册,924页)辛丑年为至正二十一年(1361年),壬寅年为至正二十二年(1362年)。
④《清嘉庆一统志》36册,卷109《安庆府一沿革》:桐城县“元属安庆路。明属安庆府。本朝因之。”
⑤内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》,22页。商务印书馆,1947年。", "source uri" : "" }