{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42886", "sys_id" : "hvd_42886", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "東海縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "东海县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Donghai Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "601", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "624", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "34.58670", "longitude" : "119.22804", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏灌云县北南城镇附近", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_33357", "name" : "海州", "transcribed" : "Hai Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_33358", "name" : "东海郡", "transcribed" : "Donghai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "624", "parent id" : "hvd_33359", "name" : "海州", "transcribed" : "Hai Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42885", "name" : "广饶县", "transcribed" : "Guangrao Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "东海县(601-624年)治所(王文楚编写)

隋仁寿元年(601年)改广饶县为东海县,属东海郡(1)。治今江苏灌云县北南城镇附近(2)。唐武德四年(621年)为环州治,八年(625年)仍属海州(3),移治于今南城镇(4)。

注:
(1)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:东海郡,东魏为海州;东海县,“旧置广饶县及东海郡,后齐分广饶置东海县,开皇初废郡及东海县,仁寿元年,改广饶曰东海。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,871页)则隋开皇三年为海州,领东海县,大业三年为东海郡,领有东海县。
(2)(4)《太平寰宇记》卷22《河南道二十二》:海州东海县,“隋开皇三年,废东海郡及东海县,因移广饶县于废郡界。仁寿元年改广饶为东海县。唐武德四年于此置环州,以水环绕为郡名。领东海、青城、赣榆四县。八年,州废,仍废青山、石城、赣榆三县入东县,移县于废州城,即今理也。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,5册,7——8页)《读史方舆纪要》卷22《江南四》海州工不海县:“《城冢记》:东海故城有大小二城,贾似道献捷时,通为一城,西南控海,东北抵山,周围十三里,皆砌以石。元至元二十年省县入朐山。向有东海巡司戍。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,2册,1042页)嘉庆《海州直隶州志》卷14《建置·城池》:东海城,“旧有大小二城。宋宝祐中,贾似道献捷筑,西南二面控海,东北二面抵山,实为重镇,恃此以胜金。大城连接小城,通为一城,周围十三里,皆砌以石,有东南北三门。……即凤凰城,康熙十六年开复东海,移守备守虚沟,留把总一员带兵分守。城已残缺,东海营特设都同驻札于此。”(《中国方志丛书》,成文出社有限公司印行,1970年,1册,263页)同书卷14《建置·公廨》:“都司署,在墟沟旧城寨,为东海北城。”又载:“千总,驻南城,旧有东海把司。在东海南城北门内。”(同上引书,270页)南城,又称凤凰城,同书卷20《海防》:云台山,“周围三百余里,南有凤凰城,北有墟沟城。”(同上引书,2册,363页)则唐四年移置之东海县为清代之南城,即今灌云县北南城镇(《江苏省地图集》,江苏省地图集编辑组,1978年,60页)据《寰宇记》所载,隋开皇三年移于“郡界”之广饶县(即仁寿元年改名东海县),在“废州城”界,即在今南城镇界,与南城镇相距甚近。
(3)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》,北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1445——1446页。", "source uri" : "" }