{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42834", "sys_id" : "hvd_42834", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "良城縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "良城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Liangcheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "591", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "626", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "34.46844", "longitude" : "117.82068", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏邳县西北泇口", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "591", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_33363", "name" : "邳州", "transcribed" : "Pi Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_33331", "name" : "下邳郡", "transcribed" : "Xiapi Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_33364", "name" : "邳州", "transcribed" : "Pi Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42833", "name" : "武原县", "transcribed" : "Wuyuan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "良城县(591-626年)治所(王文楚编写)

隋开皇十一年(591年)改武原县为良城县,属泗州(1)。治今江苏邳县北邳城西南泇口(2)。唐武德四年(621年)属邳州,贞观元年(627年)废邳州,废良城县(3)。

注:
(1)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》;下邳郡良城县,“梁置武安郡,开皇初郡废,十一年更名曰良城。”下邳郡:“后魏置南徐州,梁改为东徐州,东魏又改曰东楚州,陈改为安州,后周改为泗州。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,872页)据此,隋开皇十一年(591年)改武原(《隋书·地理志》误为武安,详见上文武原县)县为良城县,属泗州。
(2)清《嘉庆一统志》卷101《徐州府·古迹》:武原故城,在邳州西北,汉置县,“《旧志》,在今州西北八十里泇口社,亦名良城。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,33册,4页)同书卷100《徐州府·山川》:徐山,有二:一在铜山县南七十里;“一在邳州西南,《博物志》;在武原县东十里。”(同上引书,33册,8页)按清邳州,即今邳县北邳城,武原在徐山西,也即在邳州西南,今邳州西南泇口(《江苏省地图集》,江苏省地图集编辑组,1078年,66页)是也。县城西晋永嘉五年(311年)废,东魏武定八年(550年)复置。
(3)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》徐州下邳县:“武德四年复邳州,领下邳、郯、良城三县。贞观元年废邳州,仍省郯、良城二县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1448页)", "source uri" : "" }