{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42764", "sys_id" : "hvd_42764", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "山陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "山阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shanyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "413", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1227", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "33.50279", "longitude" : "119.14111", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏淮安市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "583", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_33346", "name" : "楚州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_33347", "name" : "楚州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "619", "parent id" : "hvd_33338", "name" : "江都郡", "transcribed" : "Jiangdu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "620", "end year" : "624", "parent id" : "hvd_33348", "name" : "东楚州", "transcribed" : "Dongchu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "625", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_33352", "name" : "楚州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_33353", "name" : "淮阴郡", "transcribed" : "Huaiyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1226", "parent id" : "hvd_33354", "name" : "楚州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1227", "end year" : "1227", "parent id" : "hvd_33355", "name" : "淮安军", "transcribed" : "Huai'an Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "山阳县(413-1227年)治所(王文楚编写)

东晋义熙九年(413年)置,为山阳郡治(1)。治今江苏淮安市(2)。南朝宋(3)、齐(4)、梁(5)、陈(6)、北周(7)因之。隋开皇三年(583年)山阳郡废,改属扬州,开皇十二年为楚州治,大业三年(607年)废楚州,改属江都郡(8)。唐武德四年(621年)为东楚州治,八年为楚州治,天宝元年(742年)为淮阴郡治,乾元元年(758年)仍为楚州治(9)。五代吴、南唐因之(10)。北宋不改,南宋绍定元年(1228年)改为淮安县(11)。

注:
(1)(3)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:山阳郡,“晋安帝义熙中土断分广陵立。”山阳县,“与郡俱立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1055页)《太平寰宇记》卷124《淮南道二》楚州山阳县:东晋义熙九年,”置山阳郡,属徐州,又立山阳县,以隶焉。”(金陵书局,光绪八5年刊本,22册,10页)
(2)清《嘉庆一统志》卷94《淮安府·古迹》:山阳故城,即今山阳县治,“《县志》,今县有三城,南曰旧城,相传即义熙故址。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,31册,2页)按清山阳县,即淮安县。
(4)《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》,北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,256页。
(5)洪齮孙《补梁疆域志》卷1,《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,4册,4376页。
(6)藏励和《补陈疆域志》卷2,《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,4册,4452页。
(7)王仲荦《北周地理志》卷6《淮南》,北京,中华书局,1980年,上册,557页。
(8)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》,北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,873页。
(9)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》,北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1573页。
(10)吴任臣《十国春秋》卷111《十国地理表上》,北京。中华书局,1984年,4册,1587页。
(11)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》,北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2179页。", "source uri" : "" }