{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42634", "sys_id" : "hvd_42634", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "永熙縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "永熙县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yongxi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "479", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "621", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.75894", "longitude" : "111.52877", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省今罗定县西南古城堡", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "501", "parent id" : "hvd_34218", "name" : "广熙郡", "transcribed" : "Guangxi Jun" }, { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34222", "name" : "罗阳郡", "transcribed" : "Luoyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34224", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34121", "name" : "永熙郡", "transcribed" : "Yongxi Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34105", "name" : "南建州", "transcribed" : "Nanjian Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "永熙县(479-621年)治所(张修桂编写)

齐建元元年(479年)置,属广熙郡(1)。治所即今广东省今罗定县西南古城堡(2)。隋开皇十年(590年)属泷州,大业三年(607年)属永熙郡(3)。唐武德五年(622年)更名永宁县(4)。

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(1),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?广熙郡,领“龙乡、罗平、宾化、宁乡、长化、定昌、永熙、宝宁”等八县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,265页)。姑作齐建元元年置。
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷164?康州?泷水县:“废建水县,在县北六十里。唐置。以上三县(开阳、镇南、建水),皇朝开宝六年废入泷水,为建水镇。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,29册)。《嘉庆一统志》卷457?罗定州?古迹?建水废县:“在州东。武德五年,改(永熙县)曰永宁,天宝元年又改曰建水,以有建水在西也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,171册)。
按;唐宋泷水县在今罗定县南罗镜镇,其北六十里当在今罗定县附近一带。《罗定志》卷2古迹:废建水县,“按今四都名建州乡,西距城十里有古城堡,地址尚存,正当古泷水县北六十里许,其曰镇曰乡,皆缘县废以为名也。”据此,定永熙县、永宁县、建水县治于今罗定县西南古城堡。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下?永熙郡:梁置泷州。统县六:泷水;怀德;良德;安遂;永业;永熙,大业初并安南县入。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,882页)。
(4),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?泷州:“隋永熙郡之泷水县。武德四年,平萧铣,置泷州。天宝元年改为开阳郡治。乾元元年复为泷州。”永宁县:“武德四年,于安遂县置药州,领安遂、永宁、安南、永业四县。贞观中废药州,以永宁属泷州。本隋永熙县,武德五年改为永宁县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1720页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“泷州开阳郡,本永熙郡,天宝元年更名。县四:泷水;开阳;镇南;建水,本永熙,武德五年曰永宁,天宝元年复更名,以建水在西也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1097页)。", "source uri" : "" }