{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42599", "sys_id" : "hvd_42599", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "保昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "保昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Baochang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1023", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1805", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.11884", "longitude" : "114.30209", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省南雄县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1023", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_34045", "name" : "南雄州", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33040", "name" : "南雄路", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1805", "parent id" : "hvd_33041", "name" : "南雄府", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42598", "name" : "浈昌县", "transcribed" : "Zhenchang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "保昌县(1023-1805年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋天圣元年(1023年)以浈阳县更名,为南雄州治(1)。治所即今广东省南雄县(1)。元至元十五年(1278年)为南雄路治(3)。明洪武元年(1368年)为南雄府治(4)。清因之,嘉庆十一年(1806年)改为南雄府为直隶州治,县废入州(5)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷93?广南东路?南雄州:国朝开宝四年克英、雄二州,自此复归版图,以河北有雄州,于此加南字为南雄州…治保昌。保昌县:“倚郭。…皇朝郡县志云:…伪汉乾和四年置雄州于此,而浈昌以县属焉。图经云:后避仁宗嫌名,改曰保昌。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,2962页)。据注2《一统志》,作宋天圣元年改名保昌。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?古迹:“保昌废县,在州治中。…唐嗣圣元年析置浈昌县,属韶州。五代南汉时为雄州治。宋天圣初改曰保昌,为南雄州治。元为南雄路治。明为南雄府治。本朝初因之,嘉庆十七年改府为州,县省。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。清南雄州治即今广东省南雄县。
(3),《元史》卷62?地理五?南雄路:“宋以河北有雄州,改为南雄州。元至元十五年,改南雄路总管府。…领县二:保昌,本浈昌,宋改今名。始兴。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1516页)。
(4),《明史》卷45?地理六?南雄州:“元南雄路,属广东道。洪武元年为府。领县二:保昌,倚。始行。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1139页)。
(5),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?建置沿革:“明洪武元年改南雄府,属广东布政使司。本朝因之,嘉庆十一年改为南雄直隶州,十六年复升为府,十七年又改为直隶州。领县一:始兴县。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。据‘嘉庆十七年改府为州,县省’之例,‘嘉庆十一年改为南雄直隶州’,保昌县也当省入州城。", "source uri" : "" }