{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42598", "sys_id" : "hvd_42598", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湞昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "浈昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhenchang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "684", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1022", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.11884", "longitude" : "114.30209", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省南雄县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "684", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34079", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34080", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "945", "parent id" : "hvd_34043", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "946", "end year" : "970", "parent id" : "hvd_34044", "name" : "雄州", "transcribed" : "Xiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "1022", "parent id" : "hvd_34045", "name" : "南雄州", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "浈昌县(684-1022年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐光宅元年(684年),析始兴县北部置,属韶州(1)。治所即今广东省南雄县(2)。五代南汉乾和四年(946年),于县置雄州(3)。宋开宝四年(971年)为南雄州治,天圣元年(1023年)改名保昌县(4)。

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(1),《元和郡县图志》卷34?韶州?浈昌县:“光宅元年析始兴北界置浈昌县。北当驿路,南临浈水。大庾岭在县北五十六里。”(北京,中华书局,下册,901-903页)。
《新唐书》卷43上?地理七上?韶州:“本番州,武德四年析广州之曲江、始兴、乐昌、翁源置。寻更名东衡州,贞观元年又更名。…县六…浈昌:光宅元年析始兴置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1096页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷93?广南东路?南雄州?保昌县:“唐文明元年割始兴化南、横山二乡为浈昌县,在庾岭下,以水为名。…后避仁宗嫌名,改曰保昌。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,2962页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?古迹:“保昌废县,在州治中。…唐嗣圣元年析置浈昌县,属韶州。五代南汉时为雄州治。宋天圣初改曰保昌,为南雄州治。元为南雄路治。明为南雄府治。本朝初因之,嘉庆十七年改府为州,县省。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。清南雄州治即今广东省南雄县。
(3),《太平寰宇记》卷160?南雄州“理浈昌。本始兴郡浈昌县地。广南伪汉干和四年于此置雄州,仍割浈昌、始兴二县以属焉。皇朝以北有雄州,此加南字。”浈昌县“唐文明元年割始兴化南、横山二乡为浈昌县,在庾岭下,以水为名。广州伪命建雄州于此县焉。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册)。
(4),《舆地纪胜》卷93?广南东路?南雄州:国朝开宝四年克英、雄二州,自此复归版图,以河北有雄州,于此加南字为南雄州…治保昌。保昌县:“倚郭。…皇朝郡县志云:…伪汉乾和四年置雄州于此,而浈昌以县属焉。图经云:后避仁宗嫌名,改曰保昌。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,2962页)。据注(2),作宋天圣元年改名保昌。", "source uri" : "" }