{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42597", "sys_id" : "hvd_42597", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "大庾縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "大庾县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dayu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "595", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.27413", "longitude" : "114.52293", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省南雄县东北大塘镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34186", "name" : "安远郡", "transcribed" : "Anyuan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_34177", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "591", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_34192", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "595", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "大庾县(589-595年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇九年(589年)以安远郡改置,属广州南海郡(1)。治所即今广东省南雄县东北大塘镇(2)。开皇十六年(596年)省入始兴县(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡?始兴县:“齐曰正阶,梁改名焉,又置安远郡,置东衡州。平陈,改郡置大庾县,又于此置广州总管。开皇磨移向南海,又十六年废大庾入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。
(2),《元和郡县图志》卷34?韶州?始兴县:“安远镇,在县东北一百五十里。”(北京,中华书局,下册,903页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?古迹?安远废郡:据《隋志》、《元和志》作在县北。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。《读史方舆纪要》谓大庾废县在南雄府北大庾岭上。据以上资料,大庾县故址当在明清南雄府境内的大庾岭下、距始兴县城约一百五十里。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》南雄州图,州东北大庾岭下有地名:古城村。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。古城村,符合以上条件,今为南雄县大塘镇。疑此古城村即大庾县故城遗址。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }