{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42596", "sys_id" : "hvd_42596", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shixing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1307", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.94576", "longitude" : "114.06315", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省始兴县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1307", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33040", "name" : "南雄路", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1805", "parent id" : "hvd_33041", "name" : "南雄府", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1806", "end year" : "1810", "parent id" : "hvd_33042", "name" : "南雄州", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1811", "end year" : "1811", "parent id" : "hvd_33043", "name" : "南雄府", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1812", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33044", "name" : "南雄州", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42595", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始兴县(1307-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

元大德十一年(1307年)迁置,属南雄路(1)。治所即今广东省始兴县(2)。明洪武元年(1368年)属南雄府(3)。清嘉庆十一年(1806年)属南雄直隶州,十六年(1811年)复属南雄府,十七年又属南雄直隶州(4)。1912年废州留县(5)。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?古迹?正阶故城:“府志:宋淳熙丁巳(按:淳熙无丁巳年,姑作丁酉年即1177年),郡守黄邵迁治陈坊;嘉定丁丑,县令赵彦偃迁许塘,绍定初毁于寇,端平甲午县令方遘重创;元元贞元年移治陆源,后以舟楫不通,复还故治。县志:陆源村在今县东北四十里北岸都,有故县址。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
宣统元年《广东地舆全图》始兴县图,有地名:许塘、陆源。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
许塘即今始兴县治。陆源今为陆源镇(乡)。古今图未见“陈坊”。陈坊当是宋代始兴县城内的一个坊。如此,《一统志》所引府志论宋元始兴县治之迁移,宋淳熙、嘉定、绍定、端平治许塘或陈坊皆为今始兴县治,唯元贞元年移治陆源,何时“复还故治”,史载不明,姑作十二年后的大德末年即1307年迁回许塘的今始兴县治。
《元史》卷62?南雄路:“五代刘氏割韶之浈昌、始兴二县置雄州。宋以河北有雄州,改南雄州。元至元十五年改南雄路总管府。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1516页)。
(2),见注(1)。
(3),《明史》45?地理六?广东?南雄府:“元南雄路,属广东道。洪武元年为府。领县二:保昌,倚;始兴。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1139页)。
(4),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?建置沿革:“明洪武元年改南雄府,属广东布政使司。本朝因之,嘉庆十一年改为南雄直隶州,十六年复升为府,十七年又改为直隶州。领县一:始兴。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
(5),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:南雄县,“旧南雄直隶州。民元改县。”有‘始兴县’(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,75页)。", "source uri" : "" }