{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42594", "sys_id" : "hvd_42594", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shixing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "591", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.94576", "longitude" : "114.06315", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省始兴县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "591", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_34192", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "600", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_34194", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "606", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34091", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34077", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34078", "name" : "东衡州", "transcribed" : "Dongheng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34079", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34080", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "945", "parent id" : "hvd_34043", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "946", "end year" : "970", "parent id" : "hvd_34044", "name" : "雄州", "transcribed" : "Xiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "971", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_34045", "name" : "南雄州", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_33040", "name" : "南雄路", "transcribed" : "Nanxiong Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42593", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始兴县(591-1294年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十一年(591年)迁置,属广州,大业三年(607年)属南海郡(1)。治所即今广东省始兴县(2)。唐武德四年(621年)属番州,贞观元年(627年)属韶州,天宝元年(742年)属始兴郡,乾元元年(758年)属韶州(3)。五代南汉乾和四年(946年)属雄州,宋开宝四年(971年)属南雄州(4)。元至元十五年(1278年)属南雄路(5)。元贞元年(1295年)移治(6)。

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(1),《读史方舆纪要》卷102?广东三?南雄府?始兴县:“始兴故城,在县东北。三国吴置县治此,晋以后因之。梁承圣中,置东衡州…。陈大建初…改衡州。即此。隋改置广州,寻移治南海,并移县于今治。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4252页)。按:《纪要》遗漏梁大同后,始兴移治正阶一事。此处“移县于今治”,据《元和志》开皇十一年废韶州入广州,当是隋开皇十一年从正阶故县移始兴县于今始兴县。
(2),见注(1)。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?地理4?韶州:“隋南海郡之曲江县。武德四年,平萧铣,置番州,领曲江、始兴、乐昌、临泷、良化五县。贞观元年,改为韶州。仍割洭州之翁源来属。八年,废临泷、良化二县。天宝元年,改为始兴郡,乾元元年,复为韶州。旧领县四,…天宝领县六…。始兴 汉南野县地,属豫章郡。孙皓分南康郡之南乡,始兴县置。县界东峤,一名大庾岭,贯南越之北塞。汉讨南越时,有将军姓庾,城于此。五岭之最东,故曰东峤也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1714页)。
(4),《太平寰宇记》卷160?南雄州:“本始兴郡浈昌县地。广南伪汉乾和四年于此置雄州,仍割浈昌、始兴二县以属焉。皇朝以北有雄州,此加南字。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)《舆地纪胜》作开宝四年加南字。
(5),《元史》卷62?南雄路:“五代刘氏割韶之浈昌、始兴二县置雄州。宋以河北有雄州,改南雄州。元至元十五年改南雄路总管府。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1516页)。
(6),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?古迹?正阶故城:“在始兴县西。萧齐置,梁移始兴县来治,而故县废。《寰宇记》,县西七里有萧齐正阶故县,城尚存。府志:宋淳熙丁巳(按:淳熙无丁巳年,姑作丁酉年即1177年),郡守黄邵迁治陈坊;嘉定丁丑,县令赵彦偃迁许塘,绍定初毁于寇,端平甲午县令方遘重创;元元贞元年移治陆源,后以舟楫不通,复还故治。县志:陆源村在今县东北四十里北岸都,有故县址。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
宣统元年《广东地舆全图》始兴县图,有地名:七里铺、许塘、陆源。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
许塘即今始兴县治。陆源今为陆源镇(乡)。七里铺可作梁大同十一年以后始兴县的治所。古今图未见“陈坊”。陈坊当是宋代始兴县城内的一个坊。如此,《一统志》所引府志论宋元始兴县治之迁移,宋淳熙、嘉定、绍定、端平治许塘或陈坊皆为今始兴县治,唯元贞元年移治陆源,何时“复还故治”,史载不明,姑作十二年后的大德末年即1307年迁回许塘的今始兴县治。", "source uri" : "" }