{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42593", "sys_id" : "hvd_42593", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shixing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "546", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "590", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.98405", "longitude" : "114.03466", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省始兴县西北七里铺", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "546", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34186", "name" : "安远郡", "transcribed" : "Anyuan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_34177", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42590", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始兴县(546-590年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁中大同元年(546年)迁置,属安远郡(1)。治所即今广东省始兴县西北七里铺(2)。隋开皇九年平陈郡废,县属韶州,开皇十一年(591年)韶州废入广州,县改属南海郡并迁治(3)。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷454?南雄州?表:“正阶县,齐置令阶县,属始兴郡,寻改名。梁移始兴县来治。始兴县,梁迁废。”古迹?正阶故城:“按:南齐志,始兴郡有令阶县。梁书,邵陵王纶子确,大同二年封正阶侯。隋志,始兴县,齐曰正阶,梁改名。当是齐置令阶,寻改为正阶,梁大同后,移始兴来治也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。《隋志》谓梁改正阶为始兴。今据此作梁中大同元年,迁始兴县于正阶县治,正阶县遂废。
《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡?始兴:“齐曰正阶,梁改名焉,又置安远郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。《太平寰宇记》卷160?南雄州?始兴县:“本汉南海县地,吴置始兴县,梁于此置安远郡,隋平陈郡废,县仍隶韶州。西七里有萧齐正阶故县城存。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)《读史方舆纪要》作梁末置安远郡。今作梁中大同元年始兴县移治之时,分始兴郡置安远郡,始兴县属之。
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷160?南雄州?始兴县:“西七里有萧齐正阶故县城存。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)梁中大同元年,始兴县迁治正阶县。宋始兴县治即今县。即梁中大同移置的始兴县治当在今始兴县西七里。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》始兴县图,有地名:七里铺。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。始兴县定于此。
(3),《读史方舆纪要》卷102?广东三?南雄府?始兴县:“始兴故城,在县东北。三国吴置县治此,晋以后因之。梁承圣中,置东衡州…。陈大建初…改衡州。即此。隋改置广州,寻移治南海,并移县于今治。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4252页)。按:《纪要》遗漏梁大同后,始兴移治正阶一事。此处“移县于今治”,据《元和志》开皇十一年废韶州入广州,当是隋开皇十一年从正阶故县移始兴县于今始兴县。", "source uri" : "" }