{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42583", "sys_id" : "hvd_42583", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "齊昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "齐昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qichang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "479", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "556", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.55107", "longitude" : "115.52983", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省五华县西南龙村镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "510", "parent id" : "hvd_34187", "name" : "东官郡", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "511", "end year" : "556", "parent id" : "hvd_34190", "name" : "梁化郡", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "齐昌县(479-556年)治所(张修桂编写)

齐建元元年(479年)置,属东官郡(1)。治所在今广东省五华县西南龙村镇(2)。梁太平二年(557年)废(3)。

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(1),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?东官郡:领县六,有齐昌县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,263页)。作齐建元元年置。
(2),《舆地纪胜》卷91?广南东路?循州?景物下:“齐昌溪,在长乐旧县南一百里,有齐昌县故名。发源本县罗翔里合丹阳水出梅潮州。”古迹:“故齐昌县,旧经云,在兴宁县东一百五十里,南齐县,隶东官郡。隋省。唐复立,至贞观元年省之。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,2927、2928页)。按:宋兴宁县在今县北,其东一百五十里已入程乡县境,据齐昌溪条,旧经所云当为南一百五十里。宋兴宁县约在长乐县北五十里,则齐昌故县当在旧长乐县南一百里左右。今姑据里距和环境,定齐昌县于广东省五华县西南龙村镇。《一统志》谓在兴宁县北,不从。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷446?嘉应州?古迹?齐昌废县:“在兴宁县北。《齐志》东官郡领齐昌县。梁陈时废。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,171册)。作梁末太平二年废。", "source uri" : "" }