{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42552", "sys_id" : "hvd_42552", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "欽江縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "钦江县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qinjiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "971", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.07272", "longitude" : "108.71877", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广西钦州市东北高沙村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34261", "name" : "钦州", "transcribed" : "Qin Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34144", "name" : "宁越郡", "transcribed" : "Ningyue Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34145", "name" : "钦州", "transcribed" : "Qin Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34146", "name" : "宁越郡", "transcribed" : "Ningyue Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34028", "name" : "钦州", "transcribed" : "Qin Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "钦江县(598-971年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十八年(598年)置,为钦州治,大业三年(607年)为宁越郡治(1)。治所即今广西钦州市东北高沙村(2)。唐武德五年(622年)复为钦州治,天宝元年(742年)改为宁越郡治,乾元元年(758年)复为钦州治(3)。宋开宝五年(972年),州治迁灵山,县废入(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?宁越郡:“梁置安州,开皇十八年改曰钦州。统县六。”首县“钦江:旧置宋寿郡,平陈,郡废。开皇十八年改曰钦江,大业初置宁越郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。《宋书》、《南齐书》宋寿郡无领属,开皇十八年改曰钦江,当是于宋寿郡故址置钦江县为钦州治所。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷450?廉州府?古迹:钦江故城“在钦州东北。隋置钦江县,为钦州治。宋天圣元年移州治灵山,省入。《明统志》钦州故城,在钦州东三十里。隋唐时州治此。《州志》,故州城在今州东北五十里,地名高沙,土城遗址尚存。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》钦州图:钦州东北有高沙村。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。今据高沙村定点。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?钦州:“隋宁越郡。武德四年平萧铣,改为钦州总管府,管一州,领钦江、安京、南宾、遵化、内亭五县。五年置如和县。其年,置玉州、南亭州,并隶钦州,以内亭、遵化二县属亭州。贞观元年,罢都督府。二年废亭州,复以内亭、遵化并来属。十年,省海平县。天宝元年,改为宁越郡。乾元元年,复为钦州也。旧领县七,天宝领县五。”钦江县:“州所治。汉合浦县地,宋分置宋寿郡及宋寿县。梁置安州,隋改为钦州,仍改宋寿县为钦江。炀帝改为宁越郡。皆治钦江也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1746页)。按:《宋书》、《南齐书》宋寿郡无属县。
(4),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?钦州,宁越郡:“开宝五年,废遵化、钦江、内亭三县。天圣元年,徙州南宾寨。县二:灵山;安远。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。按:《九域志》也作“开宝五年省遵化、内亭、钦江三县入灵山。”《寰宇记》作开宝六年。不同。今从《九域志》。又,钦州迁治,此作天圣元年。《舆地广记》作唐徙治灵山。《新宁越志》作治平三年移治石六寨。今作开宝五年省遵化、内亭、钦江三县入灵山时,州治即迁灵山县。", "source uri" : "" }