{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42534", "sys_id" : "hvd_42534", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "大廉縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "大廉县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dalian Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "557", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.70557", "longitude" : "109.47640", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广西合浦县东闸口圩", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34256", "name" : "越州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "大廉县(557-606年)治所(张修桂编写)

陈永定元年(557年)置,属龙苏郡(1)。治所即今广西合浦县东南康镇(2)。隋开皇十年(590年)属越州,大业元年(605年)属绿州,二年属合州,三年(607年)废入龙苏县(3)。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷450?廉州府?廉州府表:陈置大廉县,属龙苏郡,大业初省入龙苏县。唐武德五年复置,属廉州。宋开宝五年省。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。《读史方舆纪要》作梁置大廉县。今姑作陈初永定元年置
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷169?太平军:“本廉州。皇朝开宝五年,自旧州理移西南四十里地名长沙置州,并封山、蔡龙、大廉三县为合浦一县。”石康县:“废大廉县,在旧州东南百里。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷104?广东?廉州府?合浦县;“大廉废县,在府南六十里。梁置县,属龙苏郡。隋废郡改属越州,大业初废入龙苏县。唐武德五年,复置属越州,寻属廉州。宋开宝五年废。”“大廉山,府东百里,上有大廉峒。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4308页)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》合浦县图:合浦县东有大廉山、大廉峒。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。今姑据此定大廉县于大廉山之南、合浦县之东南康镇。
(3),《隋书》卷31?合浦郡:“旧置越州。大业初改为禄州,寻改为合州。统县十一:合浦,旧置合浦郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;南昌;北流,大业初废陆川县入;封山,大业初废廉昌县入;定川,旧立定川郡,平陈郡废;龙苏,旧置龙苏郡,平陈郡废,大业初又并大廉县入;海康,梁大通中,割番州合浦立高州,寻又分立合州,大同末以合肥为合州,此置南合州,平陈以此为合州,置海康县,大业初州废,又废摸落、罗阿、雷川三县入;抱成,旧曰抱,并置郡,平陈郡废,十八年改曰抱成;隋康,旧曰齐康,置齐康郡,平陈郡废,县改名焉;扇沙,旧有椹县,开皇十八年改为椹川,大业初废入;铁杷,开皇十年置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,884页)。作隋开皇十年废郡为越州,大业元年改为绿州,二年改为合州,三年大廉县废入龙苏县。", "source uri" : "" }