{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42519", "sys_id" : "hvd_42519", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "至來縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "至来县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhilai Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-110", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "-83", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.26767", "longitude" : "108.70409", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省昌江县西旧县村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-110", "end year" : "-83", "parent id" : "hvd_34272", "name" : "儋耳郡", "transcribed" : "Dan'er Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "至来县(前110-前83年)治所(张修桂编写)

西汉元封元年(前110)置,属儋耳郡(1)。治所即今海南省昌江县西旧县村(2)。始元五年(前82年)废(3)。

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(1),《太平寰宇记》卷169?儋州:“昌化县,汉至来县,隋为昌化县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册。)治所(张修桂编写)

《汉书》卷6?武帝纪:元鼎六年冬十月平西羌。“春,至汲新中乡,得吕嘉首,以为获嘉县。驰义侯遗兵未及下,上便令征西南夷,平之。遂定越地,以为南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、交阯、九真、日南、珠崖、儋耳郡。”臣瓒注:“《茂陵书》珠崖郡治瞫都,去长安七千三百一十四里。儋耳去长安七千三百六十八里,领县五。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,1册,188页)。
《汉书》卷64下?贾捐之传:“元封元年立儋耳、珠厓郡,皆在南方海中洲居,广袤可千里,合十六县。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,9册,2830页)。
《汉书》卷7?昭帝记:始元五年“罢儋耳、真番郡。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,1册,223页)。
据以上资料,作元封元年设儋耳郡时,置至来县属之。始元五年废儋耳郡,至来县同时废除。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:昌化故城:“在今昌化县东南。通志,隋县在今县东南十五里,旧县村石基犹存。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》昌化县图,昌化县东南有旧县村(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),当是隋昌化县、汉至来县故址。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }