{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42516", "sys_id" : "hvd_42516", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "威恩縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "威恩县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wei'en Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1587", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.84644", "longitude" : "108.63981", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省东方县南感城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1587", "end year" : "1904", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1905", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33071", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42515", "name" : "威恩县", "transcribed" : "Wei'en Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "威恩县(1587-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

明万历十五年(1587年)复迁置,属琼州府崖州(1)。治所即今海南省东方县南感城镇(2)。清属崖州府(3)。光绪三十一年属崖州直隶州(4)。1912年废州留县(5)。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:感恩故城:“即今感恩县治。通志,故县治中和乡,万历九年以其地近海,多浮沙,移治县东大雅坡,后以岚瘴,复移还今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。《图书集成》职方典?琼州府城池?感恩下云,万历九年迁县治于大雅坡,十五年复迁回中和乡旧治。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》感恩县图,县东有大雅山。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宜伦县省入。”崖州:“元吉阳军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为崖州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宁远县省入。领县一:感恩,旧属儋州。正统五年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1147页)。
(2),见注(1)。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?感恩县:明属儋州。正统五年改属崖州,仍隶琼州府。本朝属府。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(4),牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》广东省崖州直隶州引《德宗实录》卷544:“光绪三十一年四月丁未升崖州为直隶州,析琼州府属昌化、陵水、感恩三县,改万州为万县一并来属。”(中国地图出版社,1990年,269页)。
(5),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:崖县“旧崖州直隶州,民元改县。”有感恩县。(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }