{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42514", "sys_id" : "hvd_42514", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "威恩縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "威恩县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wei'en Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1081", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1580", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.84644", "longitude" : "108.63981", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省东方县南感城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1081", "end year" : "1135", "parent id" : "hvd_34011", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1143", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1144", "end year" : "1234", "parent id" : "hvd_34012", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1235", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33063", "name" : "南宁军", "transcribed" : "Nanning Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1580", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "威恩县(1081-1580年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋元丰四年(1081年)复置,属昌化军,端平二年(1235年)属南宁军(1)。治所即今海南省东方县南感城镇(2)。元因之(3)。明洪武二年(1369年)属儋州,正统五年(1440年)改属崖州,隶琼州府(4)。万历九年(1581年)迁治(5)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷124?广南西路?琼州:“梁置崖州,又于徐文县立珠崖郡,竟不有其地,隋炀帝更开置珠崖郡立十县,又置儋耳、临振二郡(《元和郡县志》在大业六年,《隋志》不载。”昌化军?感恩县:“《元和郡县志》云,本汉九龙县,隋大业六年改名感恩县,取感恩水以为名。国朝《会要》云,熙宁六年废为镇,隶宜伦县,元丰四年复。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3587页)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?南宁军:“旧昌化军。本儋州,熙宁六年废州为军。绍兴六年废昌化、万安、吉阳三军为县,隶琼州,十四年”复为军,以属县还隶本军。后改今名(《一统志》作端平二年改)。感恩,熙宁六年省,元丰四年复。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2247页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:感恩故城:“即今感恩县治。通志,故县治中和乡,万历九年以其地近海,多浮沙,移治县东大雅坡,后以岚瘴,复移还今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?南宁军:“唐儋州,改昌化郡。宋改昌化军,又改南宁军。又为朱崖军,又改吉阳军。元至元十五年,隶海北海南道宣慰司。领县三:宜伦;昌化;感恩。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
(4),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宜伦县省入。”崖州:“元吉阳军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为崖州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宁远县省入。领县一:感恩,旧属儋州。正统五年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1147页)。
(5),见注(2)。", "source uri" : "" }