{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42507", "sys_id" : "hvd_42507", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨川縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临川县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Linchuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "610", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1072", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.30556", "longitude" : "109.52132", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省崖县北荔枝沟镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34161", "name" : "临振郡", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Jun" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34162", "name" : "振州", "transcribed" : "Zhen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34163", "name" : "临振郡", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34019", "name" : "振州", "transcribed" : "Zhen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "1072", "parent id" : "hvd_34016", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临川县(610-1072年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋大业六年(610年)置,属临振郡,唐属振州,天宝元年(742年)改属临振郡,乾元元年(758年)复属振州(1)。治所即今海南省崖县北荔枝沟镇(2)。宋熙宁六年(1073年)废(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?振州:“隋临振郡。武德五年置振州,天宝元年改为临振郡,乾元元年复为振州也。领县四:宁远,州所治,隋县;延德,隋县;吉阳,贞观二年分延德置;临川,隋置;落屯,新置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1764页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷124?广南西路?琼州:“梁置崖州,又于徐文县立珠崖郡,竟不有其地,隋炀帝更开置珠崖郡立十县,又置儋耳、临振二郡(《元和郡县志》在大业六年,《隋志》不载。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3510页)。当是大业六年置临振郡时,设临川县属之。
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷169?崖州?临川县:“东南八十里。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》崖州图,崖州东有临川里。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号。当是。相当今海南省崖县北荔枝沟镇。
(3),《舆地广记》卷37?广南西路下?藤桥镇:“初唐振州,领宁远、延德、吉阳、临川、落屯五县,南汉时省延德、临川、落屯三县,熙宁六年省宁远、吉阳二县为临川、藤桥二镇焉。”(商务印书馆,1937年,5册,385页)。姑作南汉乾亨元年废。
《太平寰宇记》卷169?崖州:开宝六年改振州为崖州,领宁远、延德、吉阳、临川、落屯五县(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。则延德、临川、落屯三县宋初尚在,今作熙宁六年与宁远、吉阳二县同废。", "source uri" : "" }