{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42503", "sys_id" : "hvd_42503", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "寧遠縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宁远县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ningyuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1136", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1438", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.37546", "longitude" : "109.16698", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省崖县崖城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1143", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1144", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33065", "name" : "吉阳军", "transcribed" : "Jiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1438", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宁远县(1136-1438年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋绍兴六年(1136年)复置,属琼州,十三年(1143年)复置吉阳军,县为军治(1)。治所即今海南省崖县西崖城镇(2)。元因之(3)。明洪武元年(1368年)改为崖州治,正统四年(1439年)省入崖州(4)。

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(1),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?吉阳军:“本朱崖军,即崖州。熙宁六年废为军。绍兴六年废军为宁远县。十三年复。后改吉阳军。镇二:临川,藤桥。熙宁六年省宁远、吉阳二县为临川、藤桥二镇。宁远即临川。南渡后,县二:宁远,绍兴六年复县,隶琼州,十三年复来属。吉阳,熙宁六年废为藤桥镇,隶琼州,绍兴六年复。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2246页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:宁远废县:“在崖州南。隋置宁远县为临振郡治。唐改郡为州。通志,由旧州址,在今州南一里水南村。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。光绪《琼州府志》卷11?古迹?崖州宁远废县:“隋置,以宁远水名。宋在城内州治西北。明洪武四年知县甘义清欠与州南一里水南村,十年知州刘斌复迁于故址。”清崖州即今崖县西崖城。作临振县、宁远县故址皆治当今崖城镇。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?吉阳军:“唐振州。宋改崖州,又为朱崖军,又改吉阳军。元至元收附后,隶海北海南道宣慰司。领县一:宁远。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1539页)。
(4),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?崖州:“元吉阳军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为崖州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宁远县省入。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1147页)。《纪要》、《一统志》作正统五年省入州。", "source uri" : "" }