{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42502", "sys_id" : "hvd_42502", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "寧遠縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宁远县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ningyuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "610", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "1072", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.37546", "longitude" : "109.16698", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省崖县崖城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34161", "name" : "临振郡", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Jun" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34162", "name" : "振州", "transcribed" : "Zhen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34163", "name" : "临振郡", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34019", "name" : "振州", "transcribed" : "Zhen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "1072", "parent id" : "hvd_34016", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42501", "name" : "临振县", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宁远县(610-1072年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋大业六年(610年)以临振县改名,为临振郡治(1)。治所在今海南省崖县崖城镇(2)。唐武德五年(622年)为振州治,天宝元年(742年)为延德郡治,乾元元年(758年)复为振州治(3)。宋开宝五年(972年)为崖州治,熙宁六年(1073年)省(4)。

————————————————————
(1),《舆地纪胜》卷124?广南西路?琼州:“梁置崖州,又于徐文县立珠崖郡,竟不有其地,隋炀帝更开置珠崖郡立十县,又置儋耳、临振二郡(《元和郡县志》在大业六年,《隋志》不载。又高州诚敬夫人庙碑云:隋高祖时,诸俚亡叛,敕夫人招慰,夫人亲载诏书,历十余州宣述上意。高祖嘉之,赐临振县汤沐邑一千五百户。则是隋文帝时,炀帝尚未开置珠崖,已有临振县矣)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3510页)。临振县其后不见记载,今姑作隋开皇十年置临振县,属崖州,大业六年于置临振郡,县并改名宁远县。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:宁远废县:“在崖州南。隋置宁远县为临振郡治。唐改郡为州。通志,由旧州址,在今州南一里水南村。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。光绪《琼州府志》卷11?古迹?崖州宁远废县:“隋置,以宁远水名。宋在城内州治西北。明洪武四年知县甘义清欠与州南一里水南村,十年知州刘斌复迁于故址。”清崖州即今崖县西崖城。作临振县、宁远县故址皆治当今崖城镇。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?振州:“隋临振郡。武德五年置振州,天宝元年改为临振郡,乾元元年复为振州也。领县四:宁远,州所治,隋县;延德,隋县;吉阳,贞观二年分延德置;临川,隋置;落屯,新置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1764页)。
(4),《舆地纪胜》卷124?广南西路?吉阳军:“本朝平岭南,割旧崖州之地隶琼州,改振州崖州(国朝会要云,朱崖军本唐振州,开宝五年改崖州,熙宁六年废为朱崖军)。改崖州为朱崖军。又废吉阳及宁远县(国朝会要云,吉阳、宁远并以熙宁六年废)。改朱崖军为吉阳军(政和七年改),并吉阳县为宁远一县(政和七年非并二县也,乃合二县之旧地再置宁远一县)。今吉阳军城非崖与振之古城,乃珠崖郡吉阳县基也。中兴以来废为宁远县,隶琼州未几复为军(国朝会要云,吉阳军绍兴六年废为宁远县,十三年复为军)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3510页)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?吉阳军:“本朱崖军,即崖州。熙宁六年废为军。绍兴六年废军为宁远县。十三年复。后改吉阳军。镇二:临川,藤桥。熙宁六年省宁远、吉阳二县为临川、藤桥二镇。宁远即临川。南渡后,县二:宁远,绍兴六年复县,隶琼州,十三年复来属。吉阳,熙宁六年废为藤桥镇,隶琼州,绍兴六年复。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2246页)。", "source uri" : "" }