{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42501", "sys_id" : "hvd_42501", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨振縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临振县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Linzhen Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "609", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.37546", "longitude" : "109.16698", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省崖县崖城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34275", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "609", "parent id" : "hvd_34151", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临振县(590-609年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十年(590年)析置,属崖州,大业三年属朱崖郡(1)。治所在今海南省崖县崖城镇(2)。大业六年(610年)于县置临振郡,县改名宁远(3)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷124?广南西路?琼州:“梁置崖州,又于徐文县立珠崖郡,竟不有其地,隋炀帝更开置珠崖郡立十县,又置儋耳、临振二郡(《元和郡县志》在大业六年,《隋志》不载。又高州诚敬夫人庙碑云:隋高祖时,诸俚亡叛,敕夫人招慰,夫人亲载诏书,历十余州宣述上意。高祖嘉之,赐临振县汤沐邑一千五百户。则是隋文帝时,炀帝尚未开置珠崖,已有临振县矣)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3510页)。临振县其后不见记载,今姑作隋开皇十年置临振县,属崖州珠崖郡,大业六年于置临振郡,县并改名宁远县。
《隋书》卷31?珠崖郡:“梁置崖州。统县十:义伦,带郡;感恩;彦庐;毗善;昌化,有藤山;吉安;延德;宁远;澄迈;武德,有扶山。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:宁远废县:“在崖州南。隋置宁远县为临振郡治。唐改郡为州。通志,由旧州址,在今州南一里水南村。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。光绪《琼州府志》卷11?古迹?崖州宁远废县:“隋置,以宁远水名。宋在城内州治西北。明洪武四年知县甘义清欠与州南一里水南村,十年知州刘斌复迁于故址。”清崖州即今崖县西崖城。作临振县、宁远县故址皆治当今崖城镇。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }