{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42500", "sys_id" : "hvd_42500", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "陵水縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "陵水县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lingshui Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1442", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.50536", "longitude" : "110.03392", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省陵水县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1442", "end year" : "1904", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1905", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33071", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42499", "name" : "陵水县", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "陵水县(1442-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

明正统七年(1442年)迁置,属琼州府万州。治所即今海南省陵水县(2)。清属琼州府3。光绪三十一年改属崖州(4)。1912年废府留县(5)。

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(1),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?万州:“元万安军,属海北海南道。洪武元年十月改为万州,属府。正统四年六月以州治万安县省入。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1147页)。参见注(2)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:陵水故城:“在今陵水县东北。通志,唐初县治陵水峒博吉李村,在今县东北,元初迁南山头,皇庆间迁龙头村海边,后又迁港门,明洪武间筑城,正统间毁,迁于南山所即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。据此,(1),作隋唐宋陵水县治陵水峒博吉李村,当即今陵水县东卜吉、里村间;(2),元至元十七年迁治南山头,即今陵水县治;(3),皇庆元年迁治龙头村海边,当是光绪陵水县图中的龙眼头村,即今陵水县西南海边福湾村;(4),后又迁作元泰定元年迁港门,当即今陵水县南大港村;(5),明正统七年迁治南山,即今陵水县治。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?万州?陵水县:明属琼州府万州。本朝属府。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(4),牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》广东省崖州直隶州引《德宗实录》卷544:“光绪三十一年四月丁未升崖州为直隶州,析琼州府属昌化、陵水、感恩三县,改万州为万县一并来属。”(中国地图出版社,1990年,269页)。
(5),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:崖县“旧崖州直隶州,民元改县。”有陵水县。(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }