{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42495", "sys_id" : "hvd_42495", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "陵水縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "陵水县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lingshui Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "610", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1073", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.48567", "longitude" : "110.06864", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省陵水县东里村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34276", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "630", "parent id" : "hvd_34152", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "631", "end year" : "638", "parent id" : "hvd_34154", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "639", "end year" : "661", "parent id" : "hvd_34152", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "662", "end year" : "720", "parent id" : "hvd_34157", "name" : "万安州", "transcribed" : "Wanan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "721", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34158", "name" : "万安州", "transcribed" : "Wanan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "756", "parent id" : "hvd_34159", "name" : "万安郡", "transcribed" : "Wanan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "757", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34160", "name" : "万全郡", "transcribed" : "Wanquan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "784", "parent id" : "hvd_34017", "name" : "万安州", "transcribed" : "Wanan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "785", "end year" : "1072", "parent id" : "hvd_34018", "name" : "万安州", "transcribed" : "Wanan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1073", "end year" : "1073", "parent id" : "hvd_34013", "name" : "万安军", "transcribed" : "Wanan Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "陵水县(610-1073年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋大业六年(610年)析置,属临振郡,唐武德五年(622年)属振州,龙朔二年(662年)属万安州,开元九年(721年)移万安州来治,天宝元年(742年)为万安郡治,至德二载(757年)改为万全郡治,乾元元年(758年)复为万安州治,贞元元年(785年)州治移万宁县,县属之(1)。治所即今海南省陵水县东里村(2)。五代南汉因之,熙宁七年(1074年)省(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?振州:“隋临振郡。武德五年置振州。”万安州:“唐置万安州,失起置年月。至德二年改为万全郡。乾元元年复为万安州。领县四:万安,州所治,至德二年改为万全,后复置;陵水、富云、博辽,与州同置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1765页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理七上?万安州万安郡:“龙朔二年以崖州之万安置,开元九年徙治陵水,至德二载更名万全郡,贞元元年复治万全,后复改名。”县四:“万安,本隶琼州,贞观五年析文昌置,并置富云、博辽二县。十三年隶崖州,后来属。至德二载曰万全,后复故名;陵水,本隶振州,后来属;富云;博辽。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,4册,1101页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?万安军:“唐析文昌县置万安县,并置富云、博辽二县(皇朝郡县志在贞观五年),属琼州。又立万安州(唐志在龙朔二年),领县三,曰万安、富云、博辽。”陵水县:“《元和郡县志》云,大业六年于此置陵水县。《唐志》云,本隶振州,后来属。国朝《会要》云,熙宁七年废为镇,入万宁县,元丰三年复,绍兴六年隶琼州,十四年复来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3510页)。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:陵水故城:“在今陵水县东北。通志,唐初县治陵水峒博吉李村,在今县东北,元初迁南山头,皇庆间迁龙头村海边,后又迁港门,明洪武间筑城,正统间毁,迁于南山所即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。据此,(1),作隋唐宋陵水县治陵水峒博吉李村,当即今陵水县东卜吉、里村间;(2),元至元十七年迁治南山头,即今陵水县治;(3),皇庆元年迁治龙头村海边,当是光绪陵水县图中的龙眼头村,即今陵水县西南海边福湾村;(4),后又迁作元泰定元年迁港门,当即今陵水县南大港村;(5),明正统七年迁治南山,即今陵水县治。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?万安军:“旧万安州,熙宁七年废为军。绍兴六年废军为县,隶琼州,十三年复为军。”县二:万宁,后复名万安;陵水,熙宁七年为镇,元丰三年复,绍兴六年隶琼州,十三年复来隶。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2246页)。", "source uri" : "" }