{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42490", "sys_id" : "hvd_42490", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "萬安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "万安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wan'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1143", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1438", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "18.80062", "longitude" : "110.40747", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省万宁县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1143", "end year" : "1143", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1144", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33064", "name" : "万安军", "transcribed" : "Wanan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1438", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42489", "name" : "万宁县", "transcribed" : "Wanning Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "万安县(1143-1438年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋绍兴十三年(1143年)以万宁县更名,为万安军治(1)。治所即今海南省万宁县(2)。元因之(3)。明洪武元年(1368年)十月改万安军为万州,县为州治,正统四年(1439年)省县入州(4)。

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(1),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?万安军:“旧万安州,熙宁七年废为军。绍兴六年废军为县,隶琼州,十三年复为军。”县二:万宁,后复名万安;陵水,熙宁七年为镇,元丰三年复,绍兴六年隶琼州,十三年复来隶。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2246页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:万安废县:“在万州北。本汉紫贝县地。唐置万安县为万安州治,宋熙宁时废州为军。通志,唐治通化都在今州北,今名旧州,宋移今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。“宋移今治”,《舆地广记》,金仙水在万宁县北三里,即清万州北金仙河,据此,政和年间万宁县已在清万州,即今万宁县。今作熙宁七年为万安军治时,县即迁于今万宁县。当为绍兴十三年复于万宁县置万安军时,复改万宁县为万安县。
(2),见注(1)。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?万安军:唐万安州。宋更为军。“元至元十五,隶海北海南道宣慰司。领县二:万安,倚郭;陵水。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
(4),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?万州:“元万安军,属海北海南道。洪武元年十月改为万州,属府。正统四年六月以州治万安县省入。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1147页)。", "source uri" : "" }