{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42483", "sys_id" : "hvd_42483", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吉安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吉安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ji'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "621", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.47972", "longitude" : "108.93269", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省昌江县西北南罗镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "609", "parent id" : "hvd_34151", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" }, { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "617", "parent id" : "hvd_34164", "name" : "儋耳郡", "transcribed" : "Dan'er Jun" }, { "begin year" : "618", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34165", "name" : "儋耳郡", "transcribed" : "Dan'er Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吉安县(607-621年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋大业三年(607年)置,属珠崖郡,大业六年(610年)属儋耳郡(1)。治所即今海南省昌江县西北南罗镇(2)。唐武德五年(622年)废(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?珠崖郡:“梁置崖州。统县十:义伦,带郡;感恩;颜庐;毗善;昌化,有藤山;吉安;延德;宁远;澄迈;武德,有扶山。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。
《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?儋州:“隋儋耳郡。武德五年置儋州,领义伦、昌化、感恩、富罗四县。贞观元年分昌化置普安。天宝元年改为昌化郡,乾元元年复为儋州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1762页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军:据《隋志》、《唐志》、《元和志》、《琼管志》云,梁置崖州,隋即宜伦县为珠崖郡治,炀帝分珠崖置儋耳,义伦县为儋耳郡治,唐武德五年改置儋州,治义伦。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3584页)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷105?广东?琼州府?儋州;“萧梁置崖州及珠崖郡,隋初为崖州,大业初复为珠崖郡。”“宜伦废县,今州治。梁置义伦县,为珠崖郡治,隋因之,唐为儋州治,宋太平兴国初,避讳改曰宜伦,仍为州治,熙宁中为昌化军治,绍兴中又为南宁军治,元因之,明废。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4329页)。
据此,隋开皇十年废珠崖郡,大业三年州废为珠崖郡,设吉安县属之,六年分珠崖郡置儋耳郡,吉安县属儋耳郡。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:吉安废县:“在昌化县北。县志,今县东北有旧县,疑是。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。今图清昌化县东北未见“旧县”,姑定于请县东北、今昌江县西北南罗镇。
(3),新旧《唐书》武德五年置儋州时,已无吉安县。作武德五年废。", "source uri" : "" }