{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42482", "sys_id" : "hvd_42482", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "昌化縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "昌化县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changhua Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1441", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.33069", "longitude" : "108.67601", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省昌江县西昌城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1441", "end year" : "1904", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1905", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33071", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42481", "name" : "昌化县", "transcribed" : "Changhua Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "昌化县(1441-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

明正统六年(1441年)迁置,属琼州府儋州(1)。治所即今海南省昌江县西昌城镇(2)。清属琼州府(3)。1912年废府留县(4)。

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(1),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1146页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:昌化故城:“在今昌化县东南。通志,隋县在今县东南十五里,旧县村石基犹存,宋移治今县南十里,南北二江间州中,明初数罹水患,正统间(六年)移治千户所,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》昌化县图,昌化县东南有旧县村(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),当是隋唐昌化县址,今仍名旧县村。清昌化县城即今昌化县西昌城镇,是为明正统六年所迁之昌化县址。其南十里二江之间的昌化县,当在今杨柳村附近,是为宋元丰三年复置的昌化县。
(2),见注(1)。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?昌化县:“明属儋州,仍隶琼州府。本朝属府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(4),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:琼山县“旧琼州府附郭首县,民国元年裁府留县。”有“昌江县,旧昌化县,民国三年改今名”。(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }