{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42481", "sys_id" : "hvd_42481", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "昌化縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "昌化县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changhua Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1080", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1440", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.28382", "longitude" : "108.68330", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省昌江县昌城镇南杨柳村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1080", "end year" : "1135", "parent id" : "hvd_34011", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1143", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1144", "end year" : "1234", "parent id" : "hvd_34012", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1235", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33063", "name" : "南宁军", "transcribed" : "Nanning Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1440", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "昌化县(1080-1440年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋元丰三年(1080年)复置,属昌化军,绍兴六年军废改属琼州,十四年复属昌化军,端平二年属南宁军(1)。治所在今海南省昌江县昌城镇南杨柳村(2)。元因之(3)。明洪武元年十月属琼州府儋州(4),正统六年(1441年)迁治(5)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军?昌化县:“国朝会要云,熙宁六年省为镇,入宜伦县,元丰三年复置。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3597页)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?南宁军:“旧昌化军,同下州。本儋州,熙宁六年,废州为军。绍兴六年,废昌化、万安、吉阳三军为县,隶琼州。十三年,为军使。十四年复为军,以属县还隶本军。后改今名。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。‘后改今名’,《一统志》作端平二年改。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:昌化故城:“在今昌化县东南。通志,隋县在今县东南十五里,旧县村石基犹存,宋移治今县南十里,南北二江间州中,明初数罹水患,正统间(六年)移治千户所,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》昌化县图,昌化县东南有旧县村(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),当是隋唐昌化县址,今仍名旧县村。清昌化县城即今昌化县西昌城镇,是为明正统六年所迁之昌化县址。其南十里二江之间的昌化县,当在今杨柳村附近,是为宋元丰三年复置的昌化县。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?南宁军:唐儋州,改昌化郡。宋改昌化军,又改南宁军。“元至元十五,隶海北海南道宣慰司。领县三:宜伦,昌化,感恩。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
(4),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1146页)。
(5),见注(2)。", "source uri" : "" }