{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42477", "sys_id" : "hvd_42477", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "儋州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "儋州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dan Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "sub-prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1368", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.74870", "longitude" : "109.34164", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省儋县西北中和镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "儋州(1368-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

明洪武元年(1368年)以南宁军更名,属琼州府。领宜伦、昌化二县,治宜伦。治所即今海南省儋县西北中和镇(2)。正统五年省宜伦县入州,领昌化一县。清因之。1912年废州为县。

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(1),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宜伦县省入”。领县一:“昌化,州南。旧城在东南,今城本昌化守御千户所,洪武二十五年置,正统六年五月徙县治焉。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1146页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:儋耳故郡:“在儋州西。通志,故州治在今州西三十里高麻都湳滩浦,隋末迁高坡,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。唐以后义伦改宜伦又改为儋州,治所未见迁徙,即为清儋州治。据正德《琼台志》儋州图、光绪《广东舆地全图》儋州幅,明清儋州治所即今儋县西北中和镇。", "source uri" : "" }