{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42476", "sys_id" : "hvd_42476", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宜倫縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宜伦县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yilun Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "976", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1438", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.74870", "longitude" : "109.34164", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省儋县西北中和镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "1072", "parent id" : "hvd_34020", "name" : "儋州", "transcribed" : "Dan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1073", "end year" : "1135", "parent id" : "hvd_34011", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1143", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1144", "end year" : "1234", "parent id" : "hvd_34012", "name" : "昌化军", "transcribed" : "Changhua Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1235", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33063", "name" : "南宁军", "transcribed" : "Nanning Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1438", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42475", "name" : "义伦县", "transcribed" : "Yilun Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宜伦县(976-1438年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋太平兴国元年(976年)以义伦县更名,属儋州(1)。治所即今海南省儋县西北中和镇(2)。熙宁六年(1073年)废州为昌化军,县为军治,绍兴五年(1135年)军废,县改属琼州,十四年(1144年)复为昌化军治,端平二年(1235年)更为南宁军治(3)。元因之(4)。明洪武元年(1368年)复为儋州治,属琼州府,正统四年(1439年)省入儋州(5)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军?宜伦县:倚郭。本儋州义伦县,“国朝会要云,太平兴国元年改为宜伦,避太宗御讳也。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3587页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:儋耳故郡:“在儋州西。通志,故州治在今州西三十里高麻都湳滩浦,隋末迁高坡,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。唐以后义伦改宜伦又改为儋州,治所未见迁徙,即为清儋州治。据正德《琼台志》儋州图、光绪《广东舆地全图》儋州幅,明清儋州治所即今儋县西北中和镇。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?南宁军:“旧昌化军,同下州。本儋州,熙宁六年,废州为军。绍兴六年,废昌化、万安、吉阳三军为县,隶琼州。十三年,为军使。十四年复为军,以属县还隶本军。后改今名。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。‘后改今名’,《一统志》作端平二年改。
(4),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?南宁军:唐儋州,改昌化郡。宋改昌化军,又改南宁军。“元至元十五,隶海北海南道宣慰司。领县三:宜伦,昌化,感恩。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
(5),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府?儋州:“元南宁军,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月改为儋州,属府。正统四年六月以州治宜伦县省入”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1146页)。", "source uri" : "" }