{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42474", "sys_id" : "hvd_42474", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "義倫縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "义伦县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yilun Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "548", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "617", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.81414", "longitude" : "109.20699", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省儋县西北湳滩村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "548", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34274", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34275", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "609", "parent id" : "hvd_34151", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" }, { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "617", "parent id" : "hvd_34164", "name" : "儋耳郡", "transcribed" : "Dan'er Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "义伦县(548-617年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁中大同元年(548年)置,为崖州珠崖郡治,隋开皇十年(590年)废珠崖郡,县为崖州治,大业三年(607年)州废为珠崖郡,县仍为郡治,六年(610年)分珠崖郡置儋耳郡,县为儋耳郡治(1)。治所即今海南省儋县西北湳滩村(2)。隋大业十四年(618年)迁治高坡(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?珠崖郡:“梁置崖州。统县十:义伦,带郡;感恩;颜庐;毗善;昌化,有藤山;吉安;延德;宁远;澄迈;武德,有扶山。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。
《太平寰宇记》卷169?儋州:“义伦县,汉儋耳县地,隋为义伦县,州所理。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)治所(张修桂编写)

《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军:据《隋志》、《唐志》、《元和志》、《琼管志》云,梁置崖州,隋即宜伦县为珠崖郡治,炀帝分珠崖置儋耳,义伦县为儋耳郡治,唐武德五年改置儋州,治义伦。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3584页)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷105?广东?琼州府?儋州;“萧梁置崖州及珠崖郡,隋初为崖州,大业初复为珠崖郡。”“宜伦废县,今州治。梁置义伦县,为珠崖郡治,隋因之,唐为儋州治,宋太平兴国初,避讳改曰宜伦,仍为州治,熙宁中为昌化军治,绍兴中又为南宁军治,元因之,明废。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4329页)。
据此,作梁中大同元年废朱庐县(侨治徐闻县),于海南置崖州珠崖郡时,设义伦县为崖州珠崖郡治。隋开皇十年废珠崖郡,县为崖州治,大业三年州废为珠崖郡,县仍为郡治,六年分珠崖郡置儋耳郡,县为儋耳郡治。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:儋耳故郡:“在儋州西。通志,故州治在今州西三十里高麻都湳滩浦,隋末迁高坡,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。今海南省儋县西北湳滩村,当是。。
(3),据注(2),‘隋末迁高坡,即今治’,作隋末大业十四年迁治。", "source uri" : "" }