{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42470", "sys_id" : "hvd_42470", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨高縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临高县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lingao Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "713", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1130", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.96385", "longitude" : "109.73699", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省临高县东北临鸡村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "713", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34152", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34153", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "790", "parent id" : "hvd_34021", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "791", "end year" : "1070", "parent id" : "hvd_34009", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1071", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42469", "name" : "临机县", "transcribed" : "Linji Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临高县(713-1130年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐开元元年(713年)以临机县更名,属崖州,天宝元年(742年)属珠崖郡,乾元元年(758年)复属崖州,贞元七年(791年)割属琼州(1)。治所即今海南省临高县东北临鸡村(2)。宋绍兴元年(1131年)移治莫村(3)。

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(1),《唐书》卷43上?地理七上?琼州琼山郡?临高:“本临机,隶崖州,贞观五年来属,州没隶崖州。开元元年更名。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,4册,1101页)治所(张修桂编写)

《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?崖州:“隋珠崖郡。武德四年平萧铣置崖州,领舍城、平昌、澄迈、颜罗、临机五县。贞观元年置都督府,督崖、儋、振三州。其年,改颜罗为彦城,平昌为文昌。…五年,又置琼州。十三年废琼州,以临机、容琼、万安三县来属。天宝元年改为珠崖郡,乾元元年复为崖州。”琼州?临高县:“本属崖州,贞元七年割属琼州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1761页)。
(2),《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?琼州?临高县:“初治英邱,绍兴初迁于莫村。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3559页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:临机故城:“在临高县东南。唐初置。开元初更名临高。府志,有临机村,在临高县东那虞都海边。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》临高县图,临高县东海边有临鸡地名(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号),当是。
《读史方舆纪要》卷105?广东?琼州府?临高县;“临机废县,县西二十里。唐初置县于此,贞元中移县于今治。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4324页)。按:此说不合《宋史?地理志》、《舆地纪胜》,不从。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?琼州:“县五:琼山,熙宁四年省舍城入焉;澄迈县,开宝五年,废崖州,与舍城、文昌并来属;文昌;临高,绍兴初移于莫村;乐会,唐置,环以黎洞,寄治南管,大观三年割隶万安军,后复来属。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。作绍兴元年临高移治莫村。
正德《琼台志》卷3?沿革考?临高县:“宋绍兴初移治于莫村,元仍旧,国朝因之。”(上海古籍书店影印,天一阁明代方志选刊60号,1982年,上册)。", "source uri" : "" }