{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42465", "sys_id" : "hvd_42465", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "樂會縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "乐会县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lehui Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1109", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1286", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.23321", "longitude" : "110.55234", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼海县东福田镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1109", "end year" : "1135", "parent id" : "hvd_34013", "name" : "万安军", "transcribed" : "Wanan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1280", "end year" : "1286", "parent id" : "hvd_33066", "name" : "琼州路", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42464", "name" : "乐会县", "transcribed" : "Lehui Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "乐会县(1109-1286年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋大观三年(1109年)迁置,属万安军(1)。治所南管村无考,姑定于今海南省琼海县东福田镇(2)。绍兴元年(1131年)还属琼州(3)。元至元二十四年(1287年)迁治调濑村(4)。

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(1),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?琼州:“县五:琼山,熙宁四年省舍城入焉;澄迈县,开宝五年,废崖州,与舍城、文昌并来属;文昌;临高,绍兴初移于莫村;乐会,唐置,环以黎洞,寄治南管,大观三年割隶万安军,后复来属。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。据注(2),作大观三年割隶万安军时,迁治南管村。
(2),《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?琼州?乐会县:“《唐志》,唐显庆五年置乐会县,隶琼州。《琼管志》云,黎人屡攻破,县迁徙不一,今治南管村。国朝《会要》云,大观三年割隶万安军。皇朝郡县志云,万安军废复来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3560页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:乐会故城:“在今乐会县北。通志,唐县治黎黑村,在会同县东;元至元二十四年徙调濑村,在今会同县东南;大德六年又徙万全渡南,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。《图书集成》职方典?琼州府公署?乐会县治谓,唐立县于今会同县泗村都,又有至元三十一年迁万全渡北之记载。
据此,乐会县治在唐宋即已迁徙不一,元明又有数次迁徙。目前可知当有六迁:唐显庆五年所置,乾封元年所毁的乐会县,仅存五年时间,治所不明,或当在较近山区,今姑定点于琼海县北大路镇;唐治黎黑村,当是贞元五年复置的乐会县,在清会同县东泗村都,据正德《琼台志》会同县图,四村市相当今文昌县南古乐昌村;宋治南管村,治所无考,姑定于今琼海县东福田镇;元至元二十四年治调濑村,即清会同县东潮烂村,相当今坡亭村;三十一年治万全渡北,即清乐会县北旧县村,相当今琼海县东南朝阳镇;大德六年治万全渡南,以后至清不改,在朝阳镇江南万全河岛上。
(3),见注2《舆地纪胜》引皇朝郡县志。作绍兴元年乾宁军废,县还属琼州。
(4),见注(2)。", "source uri" : "" }