{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42460", "sys_id" : "hvd_42460", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "定安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "定安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dingan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1368", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.70247", "longitude" : "110.31812", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省定安县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42459", "name" : "南建州", "transcribed" : "Nanjian Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "定安县(1368-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

明洪武元年(1368年)以南建州改置,属琼州府,二年属琼州,三年以后属琼州府(1)。治所即今海南省定安县(2)。清因之(3)。1912年废府留县(4)。

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(1),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府:“元乾宁军民安抚司,元统二年十月改为乾宁安抚司,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月为琼州府,二年降为州,三年仍升为府。领州三,县十。”定安县“元至元二十九年六月置。天历二年十月升为南建州。洪武元年十月复为县”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1146页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?古迹:定安故城:“在今定安县东南。《明统志》在府城南八十里。治在今县东南南资都新寨岭下。天历二年升南建州,移治琼牙乡,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。清定安县即今县。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?定安县:“明洪武元年,仍为定安县,属琼州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(4),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:琼山县“旧琼州府附郭首县,民国元年裁府留县。”有定安县。(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }