{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42455", "sys_id" : "hvd_42455", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "瓊山縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "琼山县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qiongshan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1071", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "20.00817", "longitude" : "110.35794", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1071", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_34010", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1280", "end year" : "1328", "parent id" : "hvd_33066", "name" : "琼州路", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1329", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33067", "name" : "乾宁安抚司", "transcribed" : "Qianning Anfusi" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42454", "name" : "琼山县", "transcribed" : "Qiongshan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "琼山县(1071-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋熙宁四年(1071年)迁置,为琼州治(1)。治所即今广东省琼山县(2)。元天历二年改为乾宁军民安抚司治(3)。明洪武元年改为琼州府治,二年降为琼州治,三年复升为琼州府治,清因之(4)。1912年废府留县(5)。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷450?琼州府?古迹:“琼山故城,在今琼山县南。旧志,故县在今县南六十里,宋熙宁四年始移今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?琼州?琼山县:“倚郭。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3558页)。
《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?琼州:“县五:琼山,熙宁四年省舍城入焉;澄迈县,开宝五年,废崖州,与舍城、文昌并来属;文昌;临高,绍兴初移于莫村;乐会,唐置,环以黎洞,寄治南管,大观三年割隶万安军,后复来属。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2245页)。
(2),见注1《一统志》。清琼山县即今县。
(3),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?乾宁军:“元至元十五隶海北海南道宣慰司。天历二年,以潜邸所幸,改乾宁军民安抚司。领县七:琼山,倚郭;澄迈;临高;文昌;乐会;会同;安定。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
(4),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府:“元乾宁军民安抚司,元统二年十月改为乾宁安抚司,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月为琼州府,二年降为州,三年仍升为府。领州三,县十。”有文昌县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1143页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?文昌县:“元属乾宁军,明属琼州府,本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(5),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:琼山县“旧琼州府附郭首县,民国元年裁府留县。”(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }