{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42451", "sys_id" : "hvd_42451", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "文昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "文昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wenchang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1331", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.62095", "longitude" : "110.75590", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省文昌县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1331", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33067", "name" : "乾宁安抚司", "transcribed" : "Qianning Anfusi" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_33068", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_33069", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1370", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33070", "name" : "琼州府", "transcribed" : "Qiongzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42450", "name" : "文昌县", "transcribed" : "Wenchang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "文昌县(1331-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

元至顺二年(1331年)迁置,属乾宁军安抚司(5)。治所即今海南省文昌县(2)。元统二年(1334年)十月改属乾宁安抚司,明洪武元年属琼州府,二年属琼州,三年以后属琼州府,清因之(3)。1912年废府留县(4)。

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(1),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?乾宁军:“元至元十五隶海北海南道宣慰司。天历二年,以潜邸所幸,改乾宁军民安抚司。领县七:琼山,倚郭;澄迈;临高;文昌;乐会;会同;安定。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1538页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷450?琼州府?古迹:“文昌故城,在今文昌县北。通志,故县在今县北何恭都潭步村,元至顺二年移于北山都,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,170册)。
(2),见注1《一统志》。清县即今县。
(3),《明史》45?地理六?广东?琼州府:“元乾宁军民安抚司,元统二年十月改为乾宁安抚司,属海北海南道宣慰司。洪武元年十月为琼州府,二年降为州,三年仍升为府。领州三,县十。”有文昌县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1143页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷452?琼州府?文昌县:“元属乾宁军,明属琼州府,本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,169册)。
(4),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:琼山县“旧琼州府附郭首县,民国元年裁府留县。”有文昌县。(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,78页)。", "source uri" : "" }