{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42439", "sys_id" : "hvd_42439", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "鐵杷縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "铁杷县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tie Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.13347", "longitude" : "110.20442", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省遂溪县东南建新镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34256", "name" : "越州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34135", "name" : "合浦郡", "transcribed" : "Hepu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34140", "name" : "南合州", "transcribed" : "Nanhe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "633", "parent id" : "hvd_34141", "name" : "东合州", "transcribed" : "Donghe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "634", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34142", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "铁杷县(590-741年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十年(590年)置,属合州,大业三年(607年)属合浦郡(1)。治所即今广东省遂溪县东南就县村(即建新镇)(2)。唐武德四年(621年)属南合州,天宝元年(742年)与椹川县合并改置遂溪县,属雷州(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?合浦郡:“旧置越州。大业初改为禄州,寻改为合州。统县十一:合浦,旧置合浦郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;南昌;北流,大业初废陆川县入;封山,大业初废廉昌县入;定川,旧立定川郡,平陈郡废;龙苏,旧置龙苏郡,平陈郡废,大业初又并大廉县入;海康,梁大通中,割番州合浦立高州,寻又分立合州,大同末以合肥为合州,此置南合州,平陈以此为合州,置海康县,大业初州废,又废摸落、罗阿、雷川三县入;抱成,旧曰抱,并置郡,平陈郡废,十八年改曰抱成;隋康,旧曰齐康,置齐康郡,平陈郡废,县改名焉;扇沙,旧有椹县,开皇十八年改为椹川,大业初废入;铁杷,开皇十年置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,884页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷450?雷州府?古迹?铁杷废县:“在遂溪县东南。…天宝元年改为遂溪。…旧志,废县在今县东南七十里铁杷水旁,绍兴中始移今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》遂溪县图:遂溪县东南有旧县村。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。当是。此旧县村相当今广东省遂溪县东南建新镇。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?雷州:“隋合浦郡之海康县。武德四年平萧铣,置南合州,领海康、隋康、铁杷、椹川四县。贞观元年改为东合州。二年改隋康为徐闻县。八年改东合州为雷州。天宝元年改为海康郡。乾元元年复为雷州也。”“遂溪,旧齐铁杷、椹川二县,后废,改为遂溪也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1759页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷118?广南西路?雷州?遂溪县:引《元和郡县志》云,天宝元年改铁杷为遂溪,隶雷州。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3451页)。据此并参见《旧唐书》,作天宝元年废改铁杷、椹川为遂溪县。", "source uri" : "" }