{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42436", "sys_id" : "hvd_42436", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "椹縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "椹县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shen Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "546", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "597", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.32835", "longitude" : "109.97308", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省遂溪县西椹川村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "546", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34267", "name" : "齐康郡", "transcribed" : "Qikang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "597", "parent id" : "hvd_34256", "name" : "越州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "椹县(546-597年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁中大同元年(546年)置,属合浦郡(2)。治所即今广东省遂溪县西椹川村(2)。隋开皇十年(590年)属合州,十八年(598年)改名椹川县(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?合浦郡:“旧置越州。大业初改为禄州,寻改为合州。统县十一:合浦,旧置合浦郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;南昌;北流,大业初废陆川县入;封山,大业初废廉昌县入;定川,旧立定川郡,平陈郡废;龙苏,旧置龙苏郡,平陈郡废,大业初又并大廉县入;海康,梁大通中,割番州合浦立高州,寻又分立合州,大同末以合肥为合州,此置南合州,平陈以此为合州,置海康县,大业初州废,又废摸落、罗阿、雷川三县入;抱成,旧曰抱,并置郡,平陈郡废,十八年改曰抱成;隋康,旧曰齐康,置齐康郡,平陈郡废,县改名焉;扇沙,旧有椹县,开皇十八年改为椹川,大业初废入;铁杷,开皇十年置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,884页)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷104?雷州府?遂溪县:“梁为椹县地。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4305页)。
胡阿祥《六朝政区与疆域研究》梁政区建置表(中大同元年)合州领齐康郡。(西安,西安地图出版社,2001年,399页)。
据以上资料,作梁中大同元年置南合州时,设椹县属齐康郡,陈因之。隋开皇十年郡废属合州,大业三年州废改属合浦郡。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷450?雷州府?古迹?椹川废县:“在遂溪县西北。…旧有椹县,开皇十八年改为椹川县,大业初废入扇沙。旧志,废椹川县,在县西北五十里”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》遂溪县图:遂溪县西有椹川村。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。此村当为古城所在地。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }