{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42432", "sys_id" : "hvd_42432", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "海康縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "海康县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Haikang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "908", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "20.90196", "longitude" : "110.08791", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省海康县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34256", "name" : "越州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34135", "name" : "合浦郡", "transcribed" : "Hepu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34140", "name" : "南合州", "transcribed" : "Nanhe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "633", "parent id" : "hvd_34141", "name" : "东合州", "transcribed" : "Donghe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "634", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34142", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34143", "name" : "海康郡", "transcribed" : "Haikang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "908", "parent id" : "hvd_34031", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "海康县(590-908年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十年(590年)置,为合州治,大业三年(607年)州废,县属合浦郡(1)。治所即今广东省海康县(2)。唐武德四年(621年)复置南合州,以县为州治,贞观元年(627年)为东合州治,八年(634年)改为雷州治,天宝元年(742年)改为海康郡治,乾元元年(758年)复为雷州治(3)。五代梁开平三年(909年),移县治南兴镇(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?合浦郡:“旧置越州。大业初改为禄州,寻改为合州。统县十一:合浦,旧置合浦郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;南昌;北流,大业初废陆川县入;封山,大业初废廉昌县入;定川,旧立定川郡,平陈郡废;龙苏,旧置龙苏郡,平陈郡废,大业初又并大廉县入;海康,梁大通中,割番州合浦立高州,寻又分立合州,大同末以合肥为合州,此置南合州,平陈以此为合州,置海康县,大业初州废,又废摸落、罗阿、雷川三县入;抱成,旧曰抱,并置郡,平陈郡废,十八年改曰抱成;隋康,旧曰齐康,置齐康郡,平陈郡废,县改名焉;扇沙,旧有椹县,开皇十八年改为椹川,大业初废入;铁杷,开皇十年置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,884页)。
(2),自隋设县之后,唯梁开平三年,移县治南兴镇,南汉乾亨元年复迁故治,其余未见迁徙记载,治所即今广东省海康县。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?雷州:“隋合浦郡之海康县。武德四年平萧铣,置南合州,领海康、隋康、铁杷、椹川四县。贞观元年改为东合州。二年改隋康为徐闻县。八年改东合州为雷州。天宝元年改为海康郡。乾元元年复为雷州也。”徐闻县:“汉县名。隋置隋康县。贞观二年改为徐闻。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1759页)。
(4),《太平寰宇记》卷169?雷州?海康县:“隋废(南合)州,置海康县。朱梁开平三年,曾移州于惊雷江源,至刘氏伪命日,却归海康。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》海康县图:海康县东南有惊雷水。其源头有南兴市。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
今据此作朱梁开平三年,迁州县治于广东省海康县南兴市。南汉乾亨元年迁还故址。", "source uri" : "" }