{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42427", "sys_id" : "hvd_42427", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "徐聞縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "徐闻县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xuwen Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "628", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "971", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "20.26113", "longitude" : "110.15652", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省徐闻县南五里镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "628", "end year" : "633", "parent id" : "hvd_34141", "name" : "东合州", "transcribed" : "Donghe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "634", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34142", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34143", "name" : "海康郡", "transcribed" : "Haikang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "908", "parent id" : "hvd_34031", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "909", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_34032", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "917", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34033", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42426", "name" : "隋康县", "transcribed" : "Suikang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "徐闻县(628-971年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐贞观二年(628年),以隋康县改名,属东合州,八年(634年)属雷州,天宝元年(742年)属海康郡,乾元元年(758年)属雷州(1)。治所即今广东省徐闻县南五里镇(2)。宋开宝五年(972年)省入海康县(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?雷州:“隋合浦郡之海康县。武德四年平萧铣,置南合州,领海康、隋康、铁杷、椹川四县。贞观元年改为东合州。二年改隋康为徐闻县。八年改东合州为雷州。天宝元年改为海康郡。乾元元年复为雷州也。”徐闻县:“汉县名。隋置隋康县。贞观二年改为徐闻。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1759页)。
(2),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?雷州?徐闻县:“汉县名。隋置隋康县。贞观二年改为徐闻。《汉志》曰,合浦郡徐闻,南入海达珠崖郡,即此县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1759页)。据此,汉徐闻县、齐齐康县、隋隋康县、唐徐闻县的治所,当为同一地方。
《水经?温水注》:“朱崖、儋耳二郡,于交州俱开,皆汉武帝所置,对合浦徐闻县”。“从徐闻对渡,北风举帆,一日一夜而至。”(《水经注疏》,南京,江苏古籍出版社,1989年,3020页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷118?广南西路?雷州:引《元和郡县志》云,“(徐闻县)与南崖州澄迈县对岸,相去约一百里”“汉置左右候官,在徐闻县南七里,积货物于此,备其所求,与交易有利”。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3451页)。
据此,汉唐徐闻县故址当在今雷州半岛南部近海处,今据《舆地纪胜》定点于广东省徐闻县南五里镇。《一统志》混隋康、海康为一,定徐闻县于今海康县,不从。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?雷州,海康郡:“开宝五年,废徐闻、遂溪二县。”“南渡后,复二县:遂溪,绍兴十九年复置;徐闻,乾道七年复置。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2244页)。", "source uri" : "" }