{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42416", "sys_id" : "hvd_42416", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "石城縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "石城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shicheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "622", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.74403", "longitude" : "110.32371", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省廉江县北鹤地水库中", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "622", "parent id" : "hvd_34129", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "623", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34130", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "石城县(622-741年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐武德五年(622年)置,属罗州(1)。治所在今广东省廉江县北鹤地水库中(2)。六年移罗州来治,天宝元年(742年)更名廉江县(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?罗州:“隋高凉郡之石龙县地。武德五年,于县置罗州,领石龙、吴川、陵罗、龙化、罗辩、南河、石城、招义、零绿、慈廉、罗肥十一县。六年,移罗州于石城县,于旧所置南石州,割石龙、陵罗、龙化、罗辩、慈廉、罗肥属南石州。天宝元年,改为招义郡。乾元元年,复为罗州。旧领县五:石城,州所治,汉合浦郡地,宋将檀道济于陵罗江口筑石城,因置罗州,属高凉郡,唐复置罗州于县;吴川,隋县;招义,武德五年,析石龙县置也;南河,武德五年,析石龙县置也;零绿(原文脱,今补),武德五年,析石龙县置也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1741页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“罗州招义郡。本石城郡,武德五年以高凉郡之石龙、吴川置,六年徙治石城。县四:廉江,本石城,以石城水名,武德五年析石龙、吴川置南河、石城、招义、零绿、石龙、陵罗、龙化、罗辩、慈廉、罗肥十县,后以石龙而下六县隶南石州,天宝元年更名,大历八年以南河隶顺州;吴川;干水,本石龙,武德五年曰招义,天宝元年更名,以干水名;零绿,以零绿水名。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1099页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?廉江废县:“在石城县北。…。县志,宋县治在县北江头铺西,砖石尚存。元皇庆八年迁于东黄村,大历元年又移于新和驿,即今治。又唐罗州,在县东北三十里龙湖,城址犹半亘山麓”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。唐罗州治石城县,则唐石城县、廉江县当在清石城县东北三十里龙湖。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》石城县图:县有龙湖。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。当是。今为鹤地水库。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }