{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42412", "sys_id" : "hvd_42412", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "龍化縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "龙化县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Longhua Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "622", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "971", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.10231", "longitude" : "110.41219", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省化州县西北文楼镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "622", "parent id" : "hvd_34129", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "623", "end year" : "634", "parent id" : "hvd_34132", "name" : "南石州", "transcribed" : "Nanshi Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "635", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34133", "name" : "辩州", "transcribed" : "Bian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34134", "name" : "陵水郡", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "772", "parent id" : "hvd_34049", "name" : "辩州", "transcribed" : "Bian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "773", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34054", "name" : "顺州", "transcribed" : "Shun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "623", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_44286", "name" : "龙化县", "transcribed" : "Longhua Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "龙化县(622-971年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐武德五年(622年)置,属罗州(1)。治所在今广东省化州县西北文楼镇(2)。六年改属南石州,贞观九年(635年)更属辩州,天宝元年(742年)改属陵水郡,乾元元年(758年)复属辩州(3)。大历八年,于县置顺州(4)。宋开宝五年(972年)废(5)。

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1,《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?辩州:“隋高凉郡之石龙县。武德五年,置罗州,移治石城县。于旧所置南石州,领石龙、陵罗、龙化、罗辩、慈廉、罗肥六县。贞观九年,改南石州为辩州,省慈廉、肥罗二县。天宝元年,改陵水郡。乾元元年,复为辩州。旧领县四,天宝后领县三:石龙,州所治,汉高凉县地,属合浦郡,秦象郡地,武德五年属罗州,六年改属辩州。罗陵,武德五年置罗州,六年改为南石州也。龙化,武德五年分置也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1744页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“辩州陵水郡。本南石州石龙郡,武德六年,以罗州之石龙、陵罗、龙化、罗辩、慈廉、罗肥置。贞观九年更名。天祐元年,朱全忠以‘辩’‘汴’声近,表更名勋州。县二:石龙,贞观元年省慈廉、罗肥二县入焉。陵罗。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1099页)。
按:据新旧《唐书》,当是唐武德五年以石龙县置罗州,置龙化县属之。六年以石龙县置南石州,龙化县属之,罗州移治石城县。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷108?郁林州?陆川县:“龙化废县,县东南五十里。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4428页)。《太平寰宇记》化州下有“龙化水,在罗之邑界。”据并入石龙、陆川县,姑定于今广东省化州县西北文楼镇。
(3),见注(1)。
(4),《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“顺州顺义郡。大历八年,容管经略史王翃析禺、罗、辩、、白四州置。县四:龙化,武德四年置,以西有龙化水名之,六年隶辩州;温水,本隶禺州;南河,武德五年析石龙置,隶罗州;龙豪,武德四年析合浦置,隶白州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1110页)。
(5),《太平寰宇记》卷167?化州:辩州,“皇朝太平兴国五年改为化州,废陵罗、龙化、罗辩三县。但领石龙一县,并割到废罗州之石城、廉江、干水、零绿四县为吴川一县入当州,与石龙共二县煎盐纳本州。其废县三廉江、干水、零绿人户煎盐输廉州。”石龙县下云:陵罗、龙化、罗辩,“以上三县,皇朝开宝五年废入石龙县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,30册)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷108?郁林州?陆川县:“龙化废县,…宋开宝五年州废,省县入陆川。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4428页)。", "source uri" : "" }