{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42401", "sys_id" : "hvd_42401", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "信義縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "信义县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xinyi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "975", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.20830", "longitude" : "110.87321", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省信谊县南镇隆镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34117", "name" : "南扶州", "transcribed" : "Nanfu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "627", "parent id" : "hvd_34115", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "628", "end year" : "630", "parent id" : "hvd_34118", "name" : "南扶州", "transcribed" : "Nanfu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "631", "end year" : "631", "parent id" : "hvd_34115", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "632", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34119", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34120", "name" : "怀德郡", "transcribed" : "Huaide Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_34060", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "信义县(621-975年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐武德四年(621年)析怀德县置,为南扶州治(1)。治所即今广东省信谊县南镇隆镇(2)。贞观元年(627年)州废,县属泷州,二年复置南扶州,县为州治,五年州又废,县复属泷州,六年复为南扶州治,八年(634年)州改名窦州,县仍为州治,天宝元年(742年)为怀德郡治,乾元元年(758年)为窦州治(3)。宋太平兴国元年(976年)改名信宜县(4)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?窦州:“隋永熙郡怀德县。武德四年,置南扶州及五县。以獠反寄泷州。贞观元年废,以所管县并属泷州。二年,獠平,复置南扶州,自泷州还其故县。五年复废,县隶泷州。六年复置,以故县来属。其年,改南扶州为窦州。天宝元年,改怀德郡。干元元年,复为窦州。旧领县五,天宝领县四:信义,武德四年析怀德县置信义县,仍置南扶州。贞观中改为窦州。怀德,本属泷州,后来属也。潭峨,武德四年分信义县置也。特亮,武德四年分信义置也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1723-1724页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“窦州怀德郡。本南扶州,武德四年以永熙郡之怀德县置。以獠叛,侨治泷州,后徙治信义。贞观元年州废,以县隶泷州。二年复置,五年又废,以县隶泷州。六年复置,八年更名。县四:信义,武德四年置,并析置潭峨县,五年又析置特亮县。怀德。潭峨。特亮。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1110页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?废窦州:“在信谊县南。…县志,废窦州,在县南二里校场左。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。窦州治所即信义县,后改名信宜县。清信宜县即今信宜县南镇隆镇。县南二里作古今相同处理。
(3),见注(1)。
(4),《舆地纪胜》卷117?广南西路?高州?信宜县:“在州北五十六里。《图经》云:本苍梧郡地,武德四年置信义、谭峨二县,立南扶州。贞观元年州废,以县隶泷州,六年改县为窦州。皇朝开宝四年平岭南,十年并谭峨、怀德、特亮三县入信义,太平兴国元年易义为宜。景德元年废高州,以电白来属,三年复置高州,熙宁四年废窦州为信宜,入高州。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3432页)。", "source uri" : "" }