{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42400", "sys_id" : "hvd_42400", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "懷德縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "怀德县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Huaide Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "973", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.36349", "longitude" : "110.93880", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省信谊县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34224", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34121", "name" : "永熙郡", "transcribed" : "Yongxi Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34117", "name" : "南扶州", "transcribed" : "Nanfu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "627", "parent id" : "hvd_34115", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "628", "end year" : "630", "parent id" : "hvd_34118", "name" : "南扶州", "transcribed" : "Nanfu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "631", "end year" : "631", "parent id" : "hvd_34115", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "632", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34119", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34120", "name" : "怀德郡", "transcribed" : "Huaide Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "973", "parent id" : "hvd_34060", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42399", "name" : "梁德县", "transcribed" : "Liangde Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "怀德县(598-973年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十八年(598年)以梁德县改名,属泷州,大业三年(607年)属永熙郡(1)。治所即今广东省信谊县(2)。唐武德四年(621年)置南扶州,以县为州治,贞观元年(627年)州废,县属泷州,二年复置南扶州,县为州治,五年州又废,县复属泷州,六年复置南扶州、八年(634年)改名窦州,迁治信义,县属之,天宝元年(742年)属怀德郡,干元元年(758年)复属窦州(3)。宋开宝七年(974年)省入信义县(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?永熙郡,梁置泷州。怀德县:“旧曰梁德,置梁德郡。平陈郡废,十八年改名怀德。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,883页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?怀德废县:“在信谊县东北。…县志,废怀德县,在县东北五十里威化乡,中道巡司之左。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。《明史》45?地理六?广东?高州府:信谊“东北有中道巡检司,治在怀德乡黄僚寨之左。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1143页)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》信谊县图:县东北有黄僚堡,黄僚堡之左为东镇墟。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。按:东镇墟,即今信谊县治。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?窦州:“隋永熙郡怀德县。武德四年,置南扶州及五县。以獠反寄泷州。贞观元年废,以所管县并属泷州。二年,獠平,复置南扶州,自泷州还其故县。五年复废,县隶泷州。六年复置,以故县来属。其年,改南扶州为窦州。天宝元年,改怀德郡。干元元年,复为窦州。旧领县五,天宝领县四:信义,武德四年析怀德县置信义县,仍置南扶州。贞观中改为窦州。怀德,本属泷州,后来属也。潭峨,武德四年分信义县置也。特亮,武德四年分信义置也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1723-1724页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“窦州怀德郡。本南扶州,武德四年以永熙郡之怀德县置。以獠叛,侨治泷州,后徙治信义。贞观元年州废,以县隶泷州。二年复置,五年又废,以县隶泷州。六年复置,八年更名。县四:信义,武德四年置,并析置潭峨县,五年又析置特亮县。怀德。潭峨。特亮。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1110页)。
(4),《舆地纪胜》卷117?广南西路?高州?信宜县:“在州北五十六里。《图经》云:本苍梧郡地,武德四年置信义、谭峨二县,立南扶州。贞观元年州废,以县隶泷州,六年改县为窦州。皇朝开宝四年平岭南,十年并谭峨、怀德、特亮三县入信义,太平兴国元年易义为宜。景德元年废高州,以电白来属,三年复置高州,熙宁四年废窦州为信宜,入高州。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3432页)。开宝仅有八年,十年或为七年之误。", "source uri" : "" }