{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42385", "sys_id" : "hvd_42385", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "電白縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "电白县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dianbai Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "502", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "1466", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.01652", "longitude" : "111.00350", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高州县东北旧城村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34253", "name" : "电白郡", "transcribed" : "Dianbai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34242", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "648", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "649", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34277", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34124", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "775", "parent id" : "hvd_34057", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "776", "end year" : "1003", "parent id" : "hvd_34058", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1004", "end year" : "1005", "parent id" : "hvd_34061", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1006", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_34059", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1280", "end year" : "1303", "parent id" : "hvd_33000", "name" : "高州路", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1304", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33001", "name" : "高州路", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1373", "parent id" : "hvd_33002", "name" : "高州府", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1374", "end year" : "1375", "parent id" : "hvd_33003", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1376", "end year" : "1466", "parent id" : "hvd_33004", "name" : "高州府", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "电白县(502-1466年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁天监元年(502年)置,为电白郡治,隋开皇十年(590年)郡废,县属高州,大业三年(607年)属高凉郡(1)。治所即今广东省高州县东北旧城村(2)。唐武德五年(622年)属高州,天宝元年(742年)属高凉郡,干元元年(758年)复属高州,大历十一年(776年)移高州来治(3)。宋景德元年(1004年),州废,县改属窦州,三年复置高州,县为州治4。元至元十七年(1280年)为高州路治,大德八年(1304年)路治移茂名,县属之(5)。明洪武元年(1368年)属高州府,七年(1374年)十一月属高州,九年四月复属高州府,成化三年(1467年)九月县移治神电卫(6)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“高凉郡,梁置高州。统县九:高凉;连江,梁置连江郡。平陈,郡废。梁又置梁封县,开皇十八年改为义封。梁又置南巴郡。平陈,郡废为南巴县。大业初二县并废入。电白,梁置电白郡。平陈,郡废。又有海昌郡废入焉。…。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,883页)。作梁天监元年置电白郡,并置电白.县为郡治。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?电白废县:“在茂名县东北。…,旧志,县在万山中,逼近云炉、大桂等贼巢。明成化四年…始移县治神电卫,废旧县为堡,在县东北四十里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。云炉在今高州县东北。其附近今高州县东北约四十里有古城村,当是。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?高州:“隋高凉郡。旧治高凉县,后改为西平县。贞观二十三年,分西平、杜陵置恩州,高州移治良德县。天宝元年,改为高凉郡。干元元年,复为高州。领县三:良德,汉合浦郡地,属合浦郡,吴置高凉郡,宋、齐不改。电白,梁置电白郡,隋改为县也。保定,旧保安县,至德二年改为保定。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1721-1722页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“高州高凉郡。武德六年分广州之电白、连江置。本治高凉,贞观二十三年徙治良德,大历十一年徙治电白。县三:电白。良德,本隶泷州,武德中来属。保宁,本连江,开元五年曰保安,至德二载更名。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1100页)。按:《舆地纪胜》据《通鉴》,作武德五年复置高州。
(4),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?高州,高凉郡:“开宝五年,废良德县。景德元年,并入窦州,移治茂名。三年,复置,以二县还隶。县三:电白;信谊,唐信仪县,太平兴国初改信宜,熙宁四年废窦州,以信宜县来隶;茂名,开宝五年,自潘州来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2244页)。
(5),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?广西两江道宣慰使司都元帅府?高州路:“元至元十五年置安抚司。十七年改管府。领县三:电白,茂名,信谊。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1537页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?建置沿革?茂名县:“元初属高州路,大德八年徙高州路来治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。从《一统志》作大德八年迁路治茂名。
(6),《明史》45?地理六?广东?高州府:“元高州路,属海北海南道,治电白。洪武元年为府。七年十一月降为州。九年四月复为府,后徙治茂名。领州一、县五:茂名,倚,洪武七年十一月省,十四年五月复置。电白,旧治在西北。今治本神电卫,洪武二十七年十月置。成化三年迁于此。…。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1143页)。据《一统志》作元大德八年迁路治茂名。成化三年迁县治于神电卫。", "source uri" : "" }