{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42380", "sys_id" : "hvd_42380", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "潘水縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "潘水县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Panshui Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "622", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "649", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.67307", "longitude" : "110.89299", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省茂名市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "634", "parent id" : "hvd_34168", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "pan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "635", "end year" : "648", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "649", "end year" : "649", "parent id" : "hvd_34277", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "潘水县(622-649年)治所(张修桂编写)

唐武德五年(622年)置,属高州(1)。治所即今广东省茂名市(2)。贞观元年(627年)改属南宕州,八年属潘州,永徽元年(650年)省入毛山县(3)。

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(1),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?潘州:“隋合浦郡之定川县。武德四年,置南宕州,领南昌、定川、陆川、思城、温水、宕川六县,治南昌县。贞观六年移治定川。八年改为潘州,仍废思城县。天宝元年,改为南潘郡。干元元年,复为潘州也。”旧领县五,天宝后领县三:茂名,州所治。南巴,隋废县,武德五年置。“潘水,以县水为名,武德五年分置也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1742页)。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷104?广东?高州府;“潘水废县,在府西北百二十里。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4292页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?潘水废县:“在茂名县南。…县志,废县在县南一百里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。按:两书所载潘水县相差二百余里,当有误。又按:潘水县以潘水得名。潘水又当以出潘山得名。潘山,据《舆地纪胜》、《一统志》在茂名县东一里至三十五里一带山脉,则潘水县也当在茂名县东数十里之内。今姑据《一统志》定潘水县于茂名县南,即今广东省茂名市。
(3),《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“潘州南潘郡,本南宕州南巴郡,武德四年以合浦郡之南昌、定川置。本治南昌,贞观元年徙治定川,八年更名,后徙治茂名。后废,地入高州。永徽元年复以茂名、南巴、毛山三县置。”“县三:茂名,本隶高州,以茂名水的名,贞观元年来属。潘水,武德五年置,以潘水名,又析南昌、定川置陆川、思城、温水、宕川四县,贞观八年省思城,后以定川、宕川隶牢州,陆川、温水隶禺州,后省南昌,二十三年析潘水置毛山县,以毛山名,其后省潘水县(入毛山),开元二年改毛山曰潘水。南巴,本隶高州,武德五年置,永徽元年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1098页)。‘其后省潘水县’,作永徽元年省潘水县入毛山县。", "source uri" : "" }