{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42378", "sys_id" : "hvd_42378", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "茂名縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "茂名县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Maoming Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "923", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1373", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.91921", "longitude" : "110.85381", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高州县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "923", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34056", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "pan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "1003", "parent id" : "hvd_34058", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1004", "end year" : "1005", "parent id" : "hvd_34061", "name" : "窦州", "transcribed" : "Dou Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1006", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_34059", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1280", "end year" : "1303", "parent id" : "hvd_33000", "name" : "高州路", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1304", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33001", "name" : "高州路", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1373", "parent id" : "hvd_33002", "name" : "高州府", "transcribed" : "Gaozhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42377", "name" : "越裳县", "transcribed" : "Yueshang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "茂名县(923-1373年)治所(张修桂编写)

五代南汉干亨七年(923年)以越裳县改名,为潘州治(1)。治所即今广东省高州县(2)。宋开宝五年(972年)州废,县改属高州,景德元年(1004年)高州废,改为窦州治,三年还属高州(3)。元至元十七年(1280年)属高州路,大德八年(1304年)迁高州路来治(4)。明洪武元年(1368年)为高州府治,七年(1374年)府降为州,县省入(5)。

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(1),《太平寰宇记》卷161?高州?茂名县:“隋置定川县。唐武德四年,平岭表,于县置南宕州,后改为潘州,仍改县为茂名,以道士潘茂姓名为县名也。梁开平元年改为越裳县,后唐同光初复旧。皇朝开宝五年,废潘州,以本州南巴、潘水二县并入茂名,割属高州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,29册)。后唐同光初即为南汉干亨七年。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?废潘州:“今茂名县治。隋置茂名县。唐贞观八年改南宕州,置潘州,移治于此。…《通志》,元大德八年,移高州治茂名,至今因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。清茂名县即今广东省高州县。
(3),《宋史》卷90?地理六?广南西路?高州,高凉郡:“开宝五年,废良德县。景德元年,并入窦州,移治茂名。三年,复置,以二县还隶。县三:电白;信谊,唐信仪县,太平兴国初改信宜,熙宁四年废窦州,以信宜县来隶;茂名,开宝五年,自潘州来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2244页)。
(4),《元史》卷63?地理六?湖广等处行中书省?广西两江道宣慰使司都元帅府?高州路:“元至元十五年置安抚司。十七年改总管府。领县三:电白,茂名,信谊。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1537页)。
(5),《明史》45?地理六?广东?高州府:“元高州路,属海北海南道,治电白。洪武元年为府。七年十一月降为州。九年四月复为府,后徙治茂名。领州一、县五:茂名,洪武七年十一月省,十四年五月复置。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1143页)。", "source uri" : "" }