{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42376", "sys_id" : "hvd_42376", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "茂名縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "茂名县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Maoming Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "906", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.91921", "longitude" : "110.85381", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高州县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "634", "parent id" : "hvd_34168", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "pan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "635", "end year" : "648", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "649", "end year" : "649", "parent id" : "hvd_34277", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "650", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34127", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "Pan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34128", "name" : "南潘郡", "transcribed" : "Nanpan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "906", "parent id" : "hvd_34056", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "pan Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "茂名县(607-906年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋大业三年(607年)置,属高凉郡(1)。治所即今广东省高州县(2)。唐武德五年(622年)属高州,贞观元年(627年)改属南宕州,八年(634年)为潘州治,十七年(643年)州废,县属高州,永徽元年(650年)复为潘州治,天宝元年(742年)为南潘郡治,乾元元年(758年)复为潘州治(3)。五代梁开平元年(907年)改县名越裳(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“高凉郡,梁置高州。统县九。”有茂名县。(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,883页)。作隋大业三年置茂名县,属高凉郡。
《舆地纪胜》高州茂名县下,据《图经》云,晋道士潘茂古于东山采药、西山升仙,镇南大将军冯游于两山之间建城,以道士姓名建潘州茂名县;《舆地广记》高州茂名县下曰,西瓯之地,后置茂名县,属高兴郡,隋属高州。据此,茂名县当置于隋代以前。但晋、宋、齐州郡志均无茂名县,或为梁、陈所置,姑存疑。《寰宇记》谓隋置县曰定川,唐武德改曰茂名。与《隋志》不合,不从。《一统志》谓隋置,属高凉郡。姑从之。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?高州府?古迹?废潘州:“今茂名县治。隋置茂名县。唐贞观八年改南宕州,置潘州,移治于此。…《通志》,元大德八年,移高州治茂名,至今因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。清茂名县即今广东省高州县。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?潘州:“隋合浦郡之定川县。武德四年,置南宕州,领南昌、定川、陆川、思城、温水、宕川六县,治南昌县。贞观六年移治定川。八年改为潘州,仍废思城县。天宝元年,改为南潘郡。干元元年,复为潘州也。”旧领县五,天宝后领县三:茂名,州所治。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1742页)。
《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“潘州南潘郡,本南宕州南巴郡,武德四年以合浦郡之南昌、定川置。本治南昌,贞观元年徙治定川,八年更名,后徙治茂名。后废,地入高州。永徽元年复以茂名、南巴、毛山三县置。”“县三:茂名,本隶高州,以茂名水的名,贞观元年来属。潘水。南巴。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1098页)。“本隶高州”,《舆地纪胜》高州,据《通鉴》作武德五年置高州。“后废,地入高州”,《方舆纪要》高州府茂名县下,作贞观十七年并入高州。
(4),《太平寰宇记》卷161?高州?茂名县:“隋置定川县。唐武德四年,平岭表,于县置南宕州,后改为潘州,仍改县为茂名,以道士潘茂姓名为县名也。梁开平元年改为越裳县,后唐同光初复旧。皇朝开宝五年,废潘州,以本州南巴、潘水二县并入茂名,割属高州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,29册)。", "source uri" : "" }