{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42354", "sys_id" : "hvd_42354", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "元溪縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "元溪县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yuanxi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "351", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.09887", "longitude" : "112.12206", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省德庆县东播植镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "351", "end year" : "419", "parent id" : "hvd_34214", "name" : "晋康郡", "transcribed" : "Jinkang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "420", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34215", "name" : "晋康郡", "transcribed" : "Jinkang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "501", "parent id" : "hvd_34216", "name" : "晋康郡", "transcribed" : "Jinkang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_34217", "name" : "晋康郡", "transcribed" : "Jinkang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "元溪县(351-588年)治所(张修桂编写)

东晋永和七年(351年)置,为晋康郡治(1)。治所即今广东省德庆县东播植镇(2)。元熙二年(420年)郡治迁龙乡,县属之,宋元嘉十年(433年)郡移治端溪,县仍属之(3)。齐建元元年(479年)迁郡治威城,县仍属之(4)。陈祯明三年(589年)废(5)。

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(1),《晋书》卷15?地理下:广州:“穆帝分苍梧立晋康、新宁、永平三郡。…恭帝分南海立新会郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,468页)。
《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?晋康太守:“晋穆帝永和七年,分苍梧立,治元溪。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198、1192页)。今作东晋永和七年置晋康郡时,设元溪县为郡治。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?肇庆府?古迹?元溪废县:“今德庆州东。本端溪县地。晋置,属苍梧郡,永和七年置晋康郡,治此。宋徙郡治端溪,县仍属焉。梁陈间废。州志,在州东五十里悦城乡,今曰旧县里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》德庆州图:德庆州东有悦城司,即今广东省德庆县东播植镇古调。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
(3),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?晋康太守:“《永初郡国》治龙乡。何志无复龙乡县,当是晋末立,元嘉二十年前,以龙乡并端溪也。《永初郡国》又有封兴、荡康、思安、辽安、开平县。何志无辽安、开平二县,余与《永初郡国》同。封兴、荡康、思安、辽安、开平,应是晋末立,元嘉二十年前省。今领县十四。”首县“端溪令,汉旧县,何志属苍梧,徐志属此。”又有“元溪令,《晋太康地志》属苍梧。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198、1192页)。作晋元熙二年晋康郡移治龙乡,元溪县属之;宋元嘉十年龙乡县废入端溪县,晋康郡移治端溪,县仍属之。
(4),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?晋康郡,领有“威城、都城、夫阮、元溪、安遂、晋化、永始、端溪、宾江、熙宁、乐城、武定、悦城、文招、义立”等十五县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,264页)。作齐建元元年迁治威城。
(5),注2作梁陈间废,《方舆纪要》作隋废。今作陈末祯明三年废。", "source uri" : "" }