{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42347", "sys_id" : "hvd_42347", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始康縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始康县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shikang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "429", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.41770", "longitude" : "112.90927", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省新会县西南天湖村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "429", "end year" : "449", "parent id" : "hvd_34196", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" }, { "begin year" : "450", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34197", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34198", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始康县(429-589年)治所(张修桂编写)

刘宋元嘉六年(429年)置,属新会郡(1)。治所即今广东省新会县西南天湖村(2)。齐以后因之(3)。隋开皇十年(590年)废入封平县(4)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡四?广州?新会太守:“晋恭帝元熙二年,分南海立。《广州记》云:‘永初元年,分新宁立,治盆允。’未详孰是。”“初宾令,何志新立;义宁令,何志新立;始康令,何志新立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198页)。据《元和志》义宁为宋元嘉六年置,始康县据此也作宋元嘉六年置。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?广州府?新会县:“始康废县,在县西南。刘宋元嘉中置,属新会郡。齐梁因之。随开皇十年,废入封平县。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4181页)。据此,姑定始康县于今广东省新会县西南天湖村。
(3),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?新会郡,领有“盆允、新夷、封平、初宾、封乐、义宁、新熙、永昌、始康、招集、始成”等十一县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,264页)。
(4),《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡:“旧置广州,梁陈并置都督府。平陈置总管府。仁寿元年置番州,大业初府废。”义宁县:“开皇十年废新夷、初宾二县入;又有始康县,废入封平。大业初又废封平入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。", "source uri" : "" }