{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42335", "sys_id" : "hvd_42335", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "化穆縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "化穆县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Huamu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "436", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.50246", "longitude" : "112.65480", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省四会县江谷镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "436", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34201", "name" : "绥建郡", "transcribed" : "Suijian Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "化穆县(436-589年)治所(张修桂编写)

宋元嘉十三年(436年)置,属绥建郡(1)。治所即今广东省四会县江谷镇(2)。南齐因之(3)。隋开皇十年(590年)废(4)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?绥建太守:“文帝元嘉十三年立。”今领县七:“新招令,本四会之官细乡,元嘉十三年分为县;化蒙令,本四会古蒙乡,元嘉十三年分为县;怀集令,本四会之银屯乡,元嘉十三年分为县;四会男相,汉旧县,属南海;化穆令,何志新立;绥南令,《永初郡国》、徐并无。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1200页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷448?肇庆府?古迹?化穆废县:“在广宁县东南。宋元嘉中置,属绥建郡。齐以后废。唐武德五年复置,属南绥州,贞观十三年州省。县志,化穆废县在今县东南五十里大圃都康谷村。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》广宁县图:县东南有江谷墟。当是康谷村。今为江谷镇,属广东省四会县。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
(3),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?绥建郡,领有“新招,四会,化蒙,化注,化穆”五县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,264页)。
(4),《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡?四会县:“旧置绥建郡,又有乐昌郡。平陈,二郡并废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。《一统志》谓‘齐以后废’,今姑作隋开皇十年化穆县与绥建郡同时废除。", "source uri" : "" }